Horace Mann (1796-1859)
When he was elected to act as Secretary of the newly-created Massachusetts Board of Education in 1837, he used his position to enact major educational reform. He spearheaded the Common School Movement, ensuring that every child could receive a basic education funded by local taxes.
Trump Administration. In 2017, Betsy DeVos was instated as the 11th Secretary of Education.
Known as the “father of American education,” Horace Mann (1796–1859), a major force behind establishing unified school systems, worked to establish a varied curriculum that excluded sectarian instruction.
The educational reform movement that marked the turning point in United States educational history originated in, and was dominated by, the example of Massachusetts and its political leaders, particularly Horace Mann. Horace Mann was born to a family of farmers in Franklin, Massachusetts, on May 4, 1796.
These were Gregorio Sanciangco, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Mariano Ponce, Jose Rizal, and others. They were joined by some survivors of the first wave of reformists.
Key movements of the time fought for women’s suffrage, limits on child labor, abolition, temperance, and prison reform.
Horace Mann, who became the first Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education in 1837, is credited with starting the movement. Helped to bring about equality and to help end poverty.
Mann met with bitter opposition by some Boston schoolmasters who strongly disapproved of his innovative pedagogical ideas and by various religious sectarians who contended against the exclusion of all sectarian instruction from the schools.
Dewey’s concept of education put a premium on meaningful activity in learning and participation in classroom democracy. Unlike earlier models of teaching, which relied on authoritarianism and rote learning, progressive education asserted that students must be invested in what they were learning.
The first in time, as well as the largest nineteenth-century reform movement, was a diverse assault on alcoholic beverages arising shortly after 1800. It is commonly called the temperance movement, although by the 1830s, the goal usually was not moderation in drinking, but rather total abstinence from alcohol.
Young kids, nicknamed Abecedarians, sat in the front and older students in the back. They learned reading, writing, math, geography, and history. Teachers would call a group of students to the front of the classroom for their lesson, while other grades worked at their seats.Aug 15, 2017
The biggest reform movement of the first half of the 19th century was the movement of abolitionism.
Prominent leaders in the movement included Theodore Weld, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, Elijah P. Lovejoy, and William Lloyd Garrison, among others. Garrison, a radical abolitionist who called for immediate emancipation, became infamous when he started an antislavery newspaper, The Liberator, in 1831.
Some historians have even labeled the period from 1830 to 1850 as the “Age of Reform.” Women, in particular, played a major role in these changes. Key movements of the time fought for women’s suffrage, limits on child labor, abolition, temperance, and prison reform.
May 4, 1796
In the 1830s, Horace Mann, a Massachusetts legislator and secretary of that state’s board of education, began to advocate for the creation of public schools that would be universally available to all children, free of charge, and funded by the state.
Horace Mann criticized the educational system of the United States. Mann looked to implement universal education, make schools non-sectarian, free schooling, and base the learning experience of students on increasing their character. Mann heavily worked to reform the educational system.