In 1854, Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois, the chief proponent of popular sovereignty. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
|Daniel Webster||Began his political career as a supporter of free trade and the shipping interests of New England.|
|Henry Clay||Tried to resolve sectional disputes by compromise and proposed the American System.|
|Who was known as the “Great Compromiser”?||Henry Clay|
|What are the separate canal compartments called where the water levels are raised or lowered?||locks|
|What are “corduroy roads”?||roads with logs laid side by side|
|gives legal rights to inventions||patent|
|made British goods more expensive||Tarriff of 1816|
|James Monroe’s secretary of state||John Quincy Adams|
|invaded Spanish Easy Florida in 1818||Andrew Jackson|
|The changes the way goods were made in the mid-1700s first appeared in||Britain|
|America’s Industrial Revolution began to take root in||New England|
|Who invented the cotton gin||Eli Whitney|
|The major elements of free enterprise are competition, economic freedom, private property and||profit|
|He was a leader who tried to resolve sectional disputes by compromise?||Henry Clay|
|The 1820 census revealed a population of …..||10 million|
|This individual supported state sovereignty?||John Calhoun|
|This treaty was an example of military strength in the U.S.?||Adams-Onis Treaty|
|Scientific discoveries that simplify work are called||technology|
|Whose mill launched the factory system?||Francis Cabot Lowell|
|What are separate compartments where water levels were raised or lowered?||locks|
It greatly raised tariffs on imports. This increase made imported goods far more expensive than similar American-made goods. The Tariff of 1816 impacted the North, West, and South differently because each region had a different economy.
The Convention of 1818 set the boundary between the Missouri Territory in the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel. Both agreements reflected the easing of diplomatic tensions that had led to the War of 1812 and marked the beginning of Anglo-American cooperation.
The technological changes included the following: (1) the use of new basic materials, chiefly iron and steel, (2) the use of new energy sources, including both fuels and motive power, such as coal, the steam engine, electricity, petroleum, and the internal-combustion engine, (3) the invention of new machines, such as …
1760 – 1840
Lincoln’s political hero was Henry Clay. Clay was a Kentucky slave owner and member of Congress who ran for president three times but never won. The leader of the Whig Party, Clay was most famous as “The Great Compromiser.” This referred to his role in forging the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850.
To protect its head start, Britain tried to enforce strict rules against exporting inventions. … Then, in 1807, British mechanic William Cockerill opened factories in Belgium to manufacture spinning and weaving machines.
The recipient of Moses Brown’s letter memorized the design of British machines and duplicated them in Rhode Island.
The safest way for the pioneers to travel was with a wagon train. They would pack their most treasured belongings, furniture, and what they needed for the journey into a covered wagon. … Wagonmasters led the train, cowboys rode along and helped the wagons as they crossed tough terrain and rivers.
Most groups traveled at a pace of fifteen miles a day. Few traveled the overland trails alone; most settlers traveled with their families. Large groups of settlers joined together to form “trains.” Groups were usually led by “pilots” who were fur trappers or mountain men that would guide them on the trails.
Roads, Canals, and Trails Led the Way for Western Settlers
Americans who heeded the call to “go west, young man” may have been proceeding with a great sense of adventure. … In the early decades of the 1800s, that all began to change as very well-traveled routes were followed by many thousands of settlers.
Low- ell’s mill launched the factory system, a system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency. The factory system was a significant development in the way goods were made—and another important part of the Industrial Revolution.
A patent gives an inventor the sole legal right to the invention and its profits for a certain period of time.
The population of the United States thirty years after the first census was? The population was 10 million people.
Many Americans bought British goods because they were higher quality and had a lower price then goods made in the US what did this cause? Tariffs were placed on goods made in other countries and imported to the US. This made imported goods more expensive and encourage people to buy cheap or US goods.
Lumber, wool, iron, cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo were among the products needed in England. British manufacturers in the meantime needed markets for the goods they produced. The American colonies bought their cloth, furniture, knives, guns, and kitchen utensils from England.
The goods that needed to be brought into the colonies from England included manufactured products such as guns, cloth, furniture and tools. Other items such as tea and spices were also sent to the colonies.
The reasons for the policy of Salutary Neglect were it was too difficult, too expensive and politically too risky to enforce the laws: Enforcement: During the early period of colonization there were no effective enforcement agencies in place. Distance & Transport: 3000 miles from England to the colonies.
The phrase ‘salutary neglect’ was coined by Edmund Burke in an address to Parliament in 1775 when he tried to reconcile the divisions between Britain and the American colonies that occurred after salutary neglect ended in 1763.
From the early 18th century to 1763, salutary neglect was employed. After 1763, Britain began to try to enforce stricter rules and more direct management, leading eventually to the American Revolutionary War.
an agreemet between the United States and Great Brittan that settled fishing rights and abolished new north America borders.