Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution.
(1) Appointments of persons to be, and the posting and promotion of, district judges in any State shall be made by the Governor of the State in consultation with the High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such State.
The Commission on Judicial Performance, established in 1960, is the independent state agency responsible for investigating complaints of judicial misconduct and judicial incapacity and for disciplining judges, pursuant to article VI, section 18 of the California Constitution.
Federal judges, Article III
Article III federal judges are appointed for life, during “good behavior.” They are appointed by the president of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution of the United States Constitution.
District judges are full-time judges who deal with the majority of cases in the county courts. They are assigned on appointment to a particular circuit and may sit at any of the county courts or district registries on that circuit.
At the district level, a District Judge (DJ) is always considered superior to the District Magistrate (D.M.). At the topmost level, Chief Justice of India is always considered superior to the Cabinet Secretary.
Notes: the appointment, posting and promotion of, district judges in any State shall be made by the Governor of the State in consultation with the High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such State.
Article 217 of the Constitution: It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State. In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted.
The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the State. The procedure for appointing puisne Judges is the same except that the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned is also consulted.
Article III of the Constitution invests the judicial power of the United States in the federal court system. Article III, Section 1 specifically creates the U.S. Supreme Court and gives Congress the authority to create the lower federal courts. The Constitution and laws of each state establish the state courts.
All Justices are nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and hold their offices under life tenure. Since Justices do not have to run or campaign for re-election, they are thought to be insulated from political pressure when deciding cases.
They are derived from the same Latin term, jus, which is defined in dictionaries as “right” and “law.” However, those definitions of jus are so broad that they obscure the details of what the term meant when it formed the words that eventually became justice and judge.
District judges (magistrates’ courts), formerly known as a stipendiary magistrates, are professional lawyers permanently employed by the Ministry of Justice. They sit alone to preside over proceedings in more serious cases, usually involving remand, and in committal hearings.
As District Magistrate, he is responsible for law and order and heads the police and prosecuting agency. As Collector, he is the chief Officer of the revenue administration and is responsible for the collection of land revenue, and is also the highest revenue judicial authority in the district.
(1) Civil side: – In the district, the District Judge exercises the original power to try cases of Land Acquisition cases, Election Petitions relating to Zila Panchayat & Chhetra Sammittee & Nagarpalika, cases under Guardian & Wards Act, Motor Accident Claim Petitions, Probates cases and Insolvency cases.
The District Courts of India are the local district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district. These Courts administer justice in India at a district level.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has held that a district collector is not a judge and as such cannot seek immunity from prosecution in criminal cases. … “The Collector is neither a Judge as defined under Section 19 nor does he act judicially, when discharging any of the functions under the (Land Acquisition) Act.
Pay: The salary of a entry level civil judge is more than an IAS by around 18,000 rupees. Judges are not bound by 7th pay commission and actually receive higher salaries under National Judicial Pay Commission. … Hierarchy: An IAS only stays DM for 4–5 years.
The basic per month salary of an IAS officer starts at Rs. 56,100 (TA, DA, and HRA are extra) and can go on to reach Rs. 2,50,000 for a Cabinet Secretary. A career in the Indian Administrative Service is one of the most sought-after professions in India.
The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal (Article 155). A person to be eligible for appointment as Governor should be citizen of India and has completed age of 35 years (Article 157).
|Barrett, Amy Coney||Ginsburg||Sep 29, 2020|
|Kavanaugh, Brett||Kennedy||Jul 10, 2018|
|Gorsuch, Neil M.||Scalia||Feb 1, 2017|
|President Obama, Barack|
The lifetime appointment is designed to ensure that the justices are insulated from political pressure and that the court can serve as a truly independent branch of government. Justices can’t be fired if they make unpopular decisions, in theory allowing them to focus on the law rather than politics.
The Parliament has the power to choose the quantity of Judges in the Supreme Court. Initially, the Constitution accommodated 7 appointed judges and one Chief Justice, the Parliament has expanded the quality of judges to 30 adjudicators and one Chief Justice (2008) as it is at present.