The nine justices of the U.S. Supreme Court are nominated by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
The Commission on Judicial Performance, established in 1960, is the independent state agency responsible for investigating complaints of judicial misconduct and judicial incapacity and for disciplining judges, pursuant to article VI, section 18 of the California Constitution.
Terms in this set (42) The president and congress have the power to appoint and confirm appointments of judges and justices. Congress may also impeach judges, alter the origination of the federal court system, or amend the constitution.
Federal judges are appointed by the President and are subject to confirmation by the Senate.
Federal judges are judges who serve in a federal court. The term refers both to the Article III federal judges and to Article I federal judges, who serve as magistrate and bankruptcy judges and in other Article I tribunals.
How are Supreme Court Justices selected? The President nominates someone for a vacancy on the Court and the Senate votes to confirm the nominee, which requires a simple majority. In this way, both the Executive and Legislative Branches of the federal government have a voice in the composition of the Supreme Court.
The California Legislature determines the number of judges in each court. Superior court judges serve six-year terms and are elected by county voters on a nonpartisan ballot at a general election. Vacancies are filled through appointment by the Governor.
Presidential appointments to high-level positions must be consented to by the Senate by majority vote. The presidential power to make treaties is subject to the “advice and consent” of two-thirds of the Senate.
The clerk of court is the executive hired by the judges of the court to carry out the court’s administrative functions. The clerk manages the court’s non-judicial functions according to policies set by the court and reports directly to the court through the chief judge. … Administering the court’s jury system.
Article III of the Constitution invests the judicial power of the United States in the federal court system. Article III, Section 1 specifically creates the U.S. Supreme Court and gives Congress the authority to create the lower federal courts. The Constitution and laws of each state establish the state courts.
At the beginning of a federal criminal case, the principal actors are the U.S. attorney (the prosecutor) and the grand jury. The U.S. attorney represents the United States in most court proceedings, including all criminal prosecutions.
Terms in this set (11)
How are Supreme Court Justices chosen? They are appointed by the current president and then have to be approved by the Senate.
Which branch of government approves or rejects Supreme Court justices? A Supreme Court justice decides if laws agree with the Constitution. Justices must be approved by the legislative branch of government.
The President nominates federal judges and the Senate confirms the appointments For most judges, the President bases his nominations on the advice of the Senate. You just studied 9 terms!
Terms in this set (3)
All federal judges are appointed by who and confirmed by whom? Appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate or congress.
How are federal judges selected? They are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
How does someone become a federal judge? Appointed by the president, but must be confirmed by a simple majority vote in the Senate. How many federal court districts are there? The president will consult senators from his party in a district before appointing a judge.
Federal judges are appointed by the president with advice and consent of the Senate. … They are confirmed with the “advice and consent” (majority vote) of the Senate.
Federal judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war. Congress has declared war on 11 occasions, including its first declaration of war with Great Britain in 1812. Congress approved its last formal declaration of war during World War II.
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, meaning they can only hear cases authorized by the United States Constitution or federal statutes. The federal district court is the starting point for any case arising under federal statutes, the Constitution, or treaties.
Number of judges
There are currently 870 authorized Article III judgeships: nine on the Supreme Court, 179 on the courts of appeals, 673 for the district courts and nine on the Court of International Trade. The total number of active federal judges is constantly in flux, for two reasons.
In United States federal courts, magistrate judges are judges appointed to assist district court judges in the performance of their duties. … Magistrate judges generally oversee first appearances of criminal defendants, set bail, and conduct other administrative duties.
How are judges assigned to cases? … By statute, the chief judge of each district court has the responsibility to enforce the court’s rules and orders on case assignments. Each court has a written plan or system for assigning cases. The majority of courts use some variation of a random drawing.