Beyond these three categories, many theories of and approaches toward human learning potential have been established. Among them is the theory of multiple intelligences developed by Howard Gardner, Ph.
When Howard Gardner introduced his multiple intelligences theory 35 years ago, it was a revolutionary idea that challenged long-cherished beliefs. At the time, psychologists were interested in general intelligence—a person’s ability to solve problems and apply logical reasoning across a wide range of disciplines.
After spending time working with two very different groups, normal and gifted children, and brain-damaged adults, Gardner began developing a theory designed to synthesize his research and observations. In 1983, he published Frames of Mind which outlined his theory of multiple intelligences. … Visual-spatial intelligence.
Theory of Multiple Intelligences. *Howard Gardner, 1983, proposed a model of intelligence which differentiates intelligence into various specific- primarily sensory- modalities, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability.
How does this theory differ from the traditional definition of intelligence? Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory challenged traditional beliefs in the fields of education and cognitive science. According to a traditional definition, intelligence is a uniform cognitive capacity people are born with.
Multiple intelligences is a theory first posited by Harvard developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in 1983 that suggests human intelligence can be differentiated into eight modalities: visual-spatial, verbal-linguistic, musical-rhythmic, logical-mathematical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and bodily- …
|Field||Person/s considered “father” or “mother”|
|Atomic theory (early)||Democritus (c. 460 – c. 370 BC)|
|Atomic theory (modern)||Father Roger Boscovich (1711–1787)|
|John Dalton (1766–1844)|
The theories are grouped into four major theory types: (1) psychometric theories; (2) cognitive theories; (3) cognitive-contextual theories; and (4) biological theories.
Uni or one factor theory
He conceptualised intelligence as consisting of one similar set of abilities which can be used for solving any or every problem in an individual’s environment. His theory of intelligence is called Uni or one factor theory of intelligence.
|Table 5.4 Howard Gardner’s Eight Specific Intelligences|
|Musical||The ability to perform and enjoy music|
|Kinesthetic (body)||The ability to move the body in sports, dance, or other physical activities|
|Interpersonal||The ability to understand and interact effectively with others|
Students often equate intelligence with grades and/or test scores. But teaching students about Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory can show them that they are all intelligent in different ways. This perspective can boost their confidence and increase their motivation to learn.
Some primary examples of notable people having naturalistic intelligence are John Muir, Rachel Carson, Charles Darwin, John James Audubon, Jacques Cousteau, David Suzuki, Jane Goodall, Steve Erwin, Neil deGrasse Tyson, as well as a host of famous explorers like Lewis and Clark.
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences has never been validated. … The few studies that have been done do not actually support the idea that there are many different kinds of “intelligence” operating separately from each other.
Louis Leon Thurstone proposed theory in 1930’s that intelligence is composed of several different factors. The seven primary mental abilities in Thurstone’s model were verbal comprehension, word fluency, number facility, spatial visualization, associative memory, perceptual speed and reasoning.
|Robert J. Sternberg|
|Known for||Triarchic theory of intelligence Triangular theory of love The Three-Process View|
At various points in history, particular psychological theorists have suggested that intelligence is primarily an inherited quality (e.g., something formed by biological and genetic forces, and inherited from one’s parents) or, instead, primarily something influenced by children’s environment (e.g., something …
Because of these commonalities, it’s generally agreed that there are four types of genius. Understanding these four types can help reduce stress levels for several reasons.
|Alma mater||Harvard College|
|Known for||Theory of multiple intelligences|
Terms in this set (12)
American psychologist Howard Gardner proposes that we have multiple intelligences. He has identified eight, each of which is independent of the others.
Jensen’s most controversial conclusion was that Level II intelligence is prevalent among Asians, then Caucasians, then African Americans. Robert Williams was among those who called out racial bias in Jensen’s results (Williams, 1970).