|Congress||Majority Leader||Minority Leader|
|115th Congress (2017–2019)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY) 31||Charles E. Schumer (D-NY)|
|116th Congress (2019–2021)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY)||Charles E. Schumer (D-NY)|
|117th Congress (2021–2023)32||Charles E. Schumer (D-NY)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY)|
With the Democrats holding a majority of seats and the Republicans holding a minority, the current leaders are Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, Majority Whip Jim Clyburn, Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy and Minority Whip Steve Scalise.
Current floor leaders
The current leaders are Senators Chuck Schumer (D) of New York and Mitch McConnell (R) of Kentucky.
The floor leaders and whips of each party are elected by a majority vote of all the senators of their party assembled in a conference or, as it sometimes is called, a caucus. The practice has been to choose the leader for a two-year term at the beginning of each Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, incumbent speaker of the House, former Minority Leader, and current representative from California’s 12th congressional district.
|114th Congress (2015–2017)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY)|
|115th Congress (2017–2019)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY) 31|
|116th Congress (2019–2021)||Mitch McConnell (R-KY)|
|117th Congress (2021–2023)32||Charles E. Schumer (D-NY)|
|Congress and Years||Name||Party|
|114th (2015–2017)||MCCARTHY, Kevin||Republican|
|115th (2017–2019)||MCCARTHY, Kevin||Republican|
|116th (2019–2021)||HOYER, Steny Hamilton||Democrat|
|117th (2021–2023)||HOYER, Steny Hamilton||Democrat|
|Trent Lott (R-MS)||2007|
|Jon L. Kyl (R-AZ)||2008-2013|
|John Cornyn (R-TX)||2013-2019|
|John Thune (R-SD)||2019-present|
Legislative leaders are spokespeople for the entire Legislature and for their party. … assign members and legislation to committees; • schedule legislative proceedings; preside effectively over proceedings; use legislative rules to expedite decisionmaking.
The current leaders are Democratic Majority Leader Chuck Schumer of New York and Republican Minority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky. The current Assistant Majority Leader is Democrat Dick Durbin of Illinois. The current Assistant Minority Leader is Republican John Thune of South Dakota.
As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with 53 representatives. Seven states have only one representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.
Pelosi has led the House Democrats since 2003—the first woman to lead a party in Congress—serving twice each as House Minority Leader (2003–2007 and 2011–2019) and as Speaker (2007–2011 and since 2019).
The current House speaker is Democrat Nancy Pelosi of California. She was elected to a fourth (second consecutive) term as speaker on January 3, 2021, the first day of the 117th Congress.
Under the Constitution, the vice president serves as the president of the Senate and presides over the Senate’s daily proceedings. In the absence of the vice president, the Senate’s president pro tempore (and others designated by them) presides.
|Leader||Nancy Pelosi||Kevin McCarthy|
|Leader since||January 3, 2003||January 3, 2019|
|Leader’s seat||California 12th||California 23rd|
|Last election||235 seats, 53.4%||199 seats, 44.8%|
The Constitution lists powers that are denied to Congress (Article I, Section 9). The Bill of Rights prohibits Congress from making laws that limit individual liberties. Under the system of checks and balances, the president can veto a law passed by Congress, or the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional.
There are currently 435 voting representatives. Five delegates and one resident commissioner serve as non-voting members of the House, although they can vote in committee. Representatives must be 25 years old and must have been U.S. citizens for at least 7 years. Representatives serve 2-year terms.
81 years (March 26, 1940)
The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …
The doctrine of the separation of powers divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial: the legislature makes the laws; the executive puts the laws into operation; and the judiciary interprets the laws.
For this reason, and in order to distinguish who is a member of which house, a member of the Senate is typically referred to as Senator (followed by “name” from “state”), and a member of the House of Representatives is usually referred to as Congressman or Congresswoman (followed by “name” from the “number” district of …
|2018||$174,000 per annum|
|2019||$174,000 per annum|
|2020||$174,000 per annum|
|2021||$174,000 per annum|
Senate presiding officer is a role, not an actual office. The actual role is usually performed by one of three officials: the Vice President; an elected United States Senator; or, in special cases, the Chief Justice.
The head of the party controlling the most seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate; is second in authority to the Speaker of the House and in the Senate is regarded as its most powerful member.