When Paraphrasing?

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When Paraphrasing?

When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing. While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations. Be sure to change both the words and word order of the original source in order to avoid plagiarism.

When should I use paraphrasing?

  1. You want to clarify a short passage from a text.
  2. You want to avoid overusing quotations.
  3. You want to explain a point when exact wording isn’t important.
  4. You want to explain the main points of a passage.
  5. You want to report numerical data or statistics (preferred in APA papers)

What are the rules of paraphrasing?

Paraphrasing tips
  • Start your first sentence at a different point from that of the original source.
  • Use synonyms (words that mean the same thing)
  • Change the sentence structure (e.g. from active to passive voice)
  • Break the information into separate sentences.

When should you avoid paraphrasing?

DON’T Paraphrase Too Closely

Taking portions of text from one or more sources, crediting the author/s, but only making ‘cosmetic’ changes to the borrowed material, such as changing one or two words, simply rearranging the order, voice (i.e., active vs. passive) and/or tense of the sentences is NOT paraphrasing.

What is the main rule for paraphrasing sentences?

General Rules for Paraphrasing Do: ➢ Make sure you understand the meaning and intent of the original. ➢ Use your own words and sentence structures. ➢ Use roughly the same number of words as the original.

When paraphrasing students should always?

Paraphrasing ALWAYS requires a citation. Even if you are using your own words, the idea still belongs to someone else. Sometimes there is a fine line between paraphrasing and plagiarizing someone’s writing. Here’s one strategy for paraphrasing effectively: read over the paragraph of interest.

Why do we need to paraphrase?

Paraphrasing is important because it shows you understand the source well enough to write it in your own words. It also gives you a powerful alternative to using direct quotes, which should be used infrequently.

How do you teach paraphrasing?

Key strategies for paraphrase
  1. Read the portion of text you want to paraphrase.
  2. Make sure you understand it.
  3. After you’ve read the text, make notes of what you read, without using the author’s words or structure.
  4. Using only your notes, write all of the important ideas of the text using own words.

What is paraphrasing and its purpose?

The purpose of a paraphrase is to convey the meaning of the original message and, in doing so, to prove that you understand the passage well enough to restate it. The paraphrase should give the reader an accurate understanding of the author’s position on the topic.

What are the 4 R’s of paraphrasing?

Key Resource: The 4 R’s–A Paraphrasing Strategy

Review the graphic below that explains the 4 R’s: Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair and use the attached graphic organizer to help you practice paraphrasing by using this strategy.

What you should not do when paraphrasing?

Ineffective Paraphrasing Strategies
  1. Avoid switching out or changing around of a few words in an author’s sentence(s) for use in your paper.
  2. Avoid failing to acknowledge (through an in-text citation or direct quotes) the outside source from which you obtained your information or ideas.

What is wrong with paraphrasing?

Incorrect paraphrasing is usually when an author replaces just a word or two of a source’s phrasing with synonyms. This type of paraphrasing does not show enough understanding and engagement with the text. Instead, the author needs to strive to take ideas and information and place them in his or her own words.

How do you paraphrase without plagiarizing?

A Helpful Strategy for Paraphrasing:

Read the isolated section a few times. Put the original text aside. Wait a couple minutes; maybe even do another brief activity to slightly distract the mind. Without looking at the original text, try to restate the author’s main idea in your own words.

Is paraphrase illegal?

Sometimes you like the content of a paragraph or section of something you read, and want to paraphrase, or restate it in your own words for your paper. Although it is not illegal, paraphrasing in scholarly papers must be cited as a professional courtesy.

What is paraphrasing in writing?

Paraphrasing is one way to use a text in your own writing without directly quoting source material. Anytime you are taking information from a source that is not your own, you need to specify where you got that information.

Does paraphrasing need to be cited?

When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing. While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations. Be sure to change both the words and word order of the original source in order to avoid plagiarism.

How do you reference when paraphrasing?

When paraphrasing, you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information, APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended (but not required) that you include the page number.

How did your paraphrasing strategy help you?

The Paraphrasing Strategy is designed to help students focus on the most important information in a passage and to improve students’ recall of main ideas and specific facts. Students read short passages of materials, identify the main idea and details, and rephrase the content in their own words.

Why paraphrasing is important in communication?

Paraphrasing is powerful means to further the understanding of the other person and yourself, and can greatly increase the impact of another’s comments. It can translate comments so that even more people can understand them. … In the paraphrase, use some of the words that the other person used.

What is the important point to be considered while paraphrasing?

An effective paraphrase is…

1. Original—paraphrases should use your own fresh vocabulary, phrasing, and sentence structure, not the sentence structure, phrasing and words of your source. 2. Accurate—paraphrases must precisely reflect the ideas, tone, and emphasis of your source.

Why paraphrasing is important in Counselling?

In essence, paraphrasing is a micro skill that allows counselors to create an authentic bond with their clients Together with encouraging and summarizing, paraphrasing plays a crucial role in therapeutic communication, making the client feel understood and listened to.

How do you teach a child to paraphrase?

When paraphrasing, remind students that they should:
  1. Attempt to describe the text in their own words gradually, one component at a time (thanks to Doug Lemov and Maggie Johnson for this close reading strategy). …
  2. Monitor the similarities between the text and the paraphrase.

How do you explain paraphrasing to a child?

Paraphrasing is taking what someone else has written or said and putting it into your own words. Remember, authors want credit for their work, and paraphrasing is how you can use information from another source in your own work.

What are the 3 steps to paraphrasing?

What are the 3 steps to paraphrasing?
  1. Step 1: Separate the information. …
  2. Step 2: Highlight content words.
  3. Step 3: Create new content words.
  4. Step 4: Complete the new sentence.
  5. Step 5: Review.
  6. Step 6: Record yourself.
  7. Step 1: Separate the information.
  8. Step 2: Highlight content words.

How can paraphrasing help achieve clarity?

Savvy paraphrasing indicates respect for the other person, creates the opportunity to clarify, and allows you to check the other person’s intention. To recap: You use your own words.

Is paraphrasing summarizing?

Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. … Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s).

What are the five reasons for paraphrasing?

Next week: How to paraphrase.

Here are five reasons why you should rethink that strategy:
  • People in the business world seldom speak in articulate, interesting sentences. …
  • Many people you interview will use jargon. …
  • Paraphrasing allows you to summarize. …
  • Paraphrasing allows you to deal with obligatory subjects.

How do you teach paraphrasing in ESL?

Rules for paraphrasing:
  1. Use your own words.
  2. Don’t repeat sentence structure or copy words. Instead, vary the sentence structure and use a combination of synonyms and alternative phrases.
  3. Don’t add new information to your paraphrase. Stick to the original ideas and main points.

When you paraphrase you must include which of the following?

Luckily, the solution is quite simple: If you translated a passage from one language into another it is considered a paraphrase, not a direct quotation. Thus, to cite your translated material, all you need to do is include the author and date of the material in the in-text citation.

What is the easiest way to paraphrase?


Can a person plagiarize themselves?

Self-plagiarism is commonly described as recycling or reusing one’s own specific words from previously published texts. … In short, self-plagiarism is any attempt to take any of your own previously published text, papers, or research results and make it appear brand new.

What is unacceptable paraphrasing?

When you summarize or paraphrase, it is not enough to name the source; you must restate the source’s meaning in your own language” (p. 333). In other words, if you slavishly copy the author’s words and phrases, simply changing a word or two or adding synonyms for original words, you are plagiarizing.

What is inappropriate paraphrasing?

Taking portions of text from one or more sources, crediting the author/s, but only changing one or two words or simply rearranging the order, voice (i.e., active vs. passive) and/or tense of the sentences.

What is paraphrasing in communication?

When you paraphrase, you use your own words to express something that was written or said by another person. Putting it into your own words can clarify the message, make it more relevant to your audience , or give it greater impact.

Is paraphrasing good or bad?

Paraphrasing or using more than a few direction quotations interferes with the “flow” of your own writing. … Thus, in psychological writing, paraphrasing is considered bad writing practice. For similar reasons, using more than a few direct quotes is also considered bad writing practice.

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