Decentralization is the process of pushing decision-making authority down the organizational hierarchy, giving lower-level personnel more responsibility and power to make and implement decisions.
Generally, the management structure has three levels: top, middle, and supervisory management. In a managerial hierarchy, each organizational unit is controlled and supervised by a manager in a higher unit. The person with the most formal authority is at the top of the hierarchy.
In the context of hierarchical relations in an organization, responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform the tasks assigned. … Therefore, in an organization, authority and responsibility move as follows – authority flows downwards, whereas responsibility is exacted upwards.
Level of Authority means the scope of and limits on the authority of the Firm to act in carrying out their Instructions in relation to the Services as determined by the Beneficiary; Sample 1. Save. Copy.
Authority in management may be defined as – “the right to guide and direct the action of others and to secure from them responses which are appropriate to the attainment of the purposes and goals of the organization”.
Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom.
Staff authority is the provision of advice and other services to line managers. People in these staff positions are empowered to assist the line functions (such as production and sales), but do not have any authority over them.
An organisation is centralised when decision-making authority is retained by higher management levels whereas it is decentralised when such authority is systematically delegated at all levels and in all departments of a firm.
It is necessary to have brief understanding of three terms intimately connected with the concept and process of delegation. These terms are: 1) Responsibility, 2) Authority, and 3) Accountability.
The roles and responsibilities of the lower level of management can be summarized as follows: Assigning jobs and tasks to various workers. Guiding and instructing workers in day-to-day activities. Overseeing both the quality and quantity of production.
|An authority is the outcome of a formal position in an organization.||A responsibility is the outcome of a superior-subordinate relationship.|
|An authority is a legal right given to a person.||A responsibility is consequence of authority.|
Authority without responsibility results in confusion, wasted efforts, and at worst abused power. Responsibility without legal or moral authority destroys any hope of progress. But as often happens with solid theory, the devil is in the details. The devil in this case is human nature.
Authority is one of the important considerations in the process of management. Managerial action in a formal organisation needs authority. Without authority, the executive cannot secure compliance of his orders from his subordinates. It is always considered to be the key to a successful Managerial job.
Planning, staffing, controlling are covered under this definition. Hence, co-operating is not a function as such, of management.
Operational managers are also called first-line managers, supervisors, team leaders or team facilitators. This management level deals directly with employees, and must exercise strong leadership skills.
Authority in project management is the power that gives a project manager the ability to act in the name of the project sponsor executive or on behalf of the organization. … Expert authority: achieved through formal mechanisms such as certifications or education.
Higher Authority means the Armed Forces Council or any officer not below the rank of Brigadier General or corresponding rank, appointed by the Armed Forces Council in that behalf.
: with the permission of (someone in power) He was acting under the authority of the company president.
Sample 1. Position of authority means that position occupied by a parent, guardian, relative, household member, teacher, employer, custodian or any other person who, by reason of his position, is able to exercise significant influence over a person.
Authority Relationships: • Authority, according to Fayol, is the principle that managers have the right to give orders with the expectation of obedience. … The process of delegation begins when managers passes some of his responsibility to his subordinates which means responsibility can be delegated.
In management, authority plays a major role in directing and controlling the resources available. Authority provides one with the power and ability to make decisions that affect the members of an institution and the tasks they perform. For instance, the leader of a team can delegate duties to other team members.
Scalar chain is the formal line of authority which moves from highest to lowest rank in a straight line.
So line authority‘ is the direct authority which a superior exercises over his subordinates to carry out orders and instructions. This authority creates a direct relationship between a superior and his subordinates. This relationship exists in all the departments.
Solution(By Examveda Team)
The authority flows from top to bottom through the structure of an organization is the formal authority theory. Formal supervisory authority’ is the right to command people, to tell them what they are to do and what they are not to do, and to guide their actions.