Primary sources are the raw materials of history — original documents and objects that were created at the time under study. They are different from secondary sources, accounts that retell, analyze, or interpret events, usually at a distance of time or place.
“Primary sources” are the raw materials of history — original documents and objects which were created at the time under study. … They are different from secondary sources, accounts or interpretations of events created by someone without firsthand experience.
A primary source provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art. … Published materials can be viewed as primary resources if they come from the time period that is being discussed, and were written or produced by someone with firsthand experience of the event.
A diary is a primary source if it was written during the period of time you’re studying.
Secondary sources are works that analyze, assess or interpret an historical event, era, or phenomenon, generally utilizing primary sources to do so. Secondary sources often offer a review or a critique. Secondary sources can include books, journal articles, speeches, reviews, research reports, and more.
A primary source is an original object or document – the raw material or first-hand information, source material that is closest to what is being studied.
Examples of primary sources:
Theses, dissertations, scholarly journal articles (research based), some government reports, symposia and conference proceedings, original artwork, poems, photographs, speeches, letters, memos, personal narratives, diaries, interviews, autobiographies, and correspondence.
Secondary sources describe, summarize, or discuss information or details originally presented in another source; meaning the author, in most cases, did not participate in the event. … Examples of a secondary source are: Publications such as textbooks, magazine articles, book reviews, commentaries, encyclopedias, almanacs.
Primary sources are documents, images or artifacts that provide firsthand testimony or direct evidence concerning an historical topic under research investigation. Primary sources are original documents created or experienced contemporaneously with the event being researched.
Primary sources can include: Texts of laws and other original documents. Newspaper reports, by reporters who witnessed an event or who quote people who did. Speeches, diaries, letters and interviews – what the people involved said or wrote.
Photographs, diaries, autobiographies, paintings, newspaper articles and sculptures are examples of primary sources about the time and place they were created. Text books and biographies are good examples of secondary sources, because they were not created in the time and place under study.
A secondary source is not an original source. It has no direct physical connection to the person or event being studied. Examples of secondary sources might include: history books, articles in encyclopedias, prints of paintings, replicas of art objects, reviews of research, academic articles.
For example, an autobiography is a primary source while a biography is a secondary source. Typical secondary sources include: Scholarly Journal Articles. Use these and books exclusively for writing Literature Reviews.
Materials that are NOT primary sources include: Books written after a historical event by someone who was not involved in the event. Books are considered Secondary Sources. … Statistics compiled about a historical event (for example, a tally of the number of dead in a battle)
Wikipedia, as an encyclopedia, is a tertiary source. However, Wikipedia and sources that mirror or source information from Wikipedia may not be used as secondary or tertiary sources. Wikipedia articles are sometimes used as primary sources in articles about Wikipedia.
To search for primary research articles go to the PubMed home page. Click on Clinical Queries – the 4th option in the PubMed Tools (the middle of 3 columns). Enter your search terms and click on the search box.
Personal texts–diaries, memoirs, letters, autobiographies, and papers–usually make excellent primary sources because they were written by a historical person you’re studying. … For example, searching for “World War II ” and diaries will locate diaries written during World War II. Search for key people as authors.
Maps as Primary Sources
Maps can be useful as primary sources because they provide insight into a place at a particular time, and they demonstrate how places and the understanding of places can change over time. Maps can also reveal interesting information about the culture and society in which they were produced.
Some types of sources can be categorized as either primary or secondary depending on how they are used. And yes, in case you’re wondering, a dictionary is a secondary source of information.
An example of primary is the first stage in a child’s development. An example of primary is a color, such as blue, that cannot be made by mixing other colors. An example of primary is an original research study on a subject, rather than a summary of that study.
A fictional movie is usually a primary source. If you use the movie for background information or analysis about your topic – for example, to learn about a historical event or a scientific discovery – the movie is a secondary source. …
Interviews can be primary or secondary sources, depending on the format. If you have conducted an interview personally or if the interview is in its original format, it is a primary source. However, if you are reading about an interview in a newspaper written by someone else, it is a secondary source.
What is a primary source? … Primary sources are available in their original format in libraries, museums, archives, and are also reproduced online in library databases, books, and on university, government, and museum websites.