Lawyers and judges select juries by a process known as “voir dire,” which is Latin for “to speak the truth.” In voir dire, the judge and attorneys for both sides ask potential jurors questions to determine if they are competent and suitable to serve in the case.
Juries are chosen in a process that combines random selection with deliberate choice. Jury selection occurs in three stages; compiling a master list, summoning the venire and, conducting voir dire.
Jurors are randomly chosen from lists kept by the government. The two largest and most commonly used lists are the Department of Motor Vehicle’s records of licensed drivers and state ID holders, and the Secretary of State’s records of registered voters.
Federal jurors are paid $50 a day. While the majority of jury trials last less than a week, jurors can receive up to $60 a day after serving 10 days on a trial. (Employees of the federal government are paid their regular salary in lieu of this fee.)
While it is not always going to be pleasant, jury duty can be a great experience — and one that we shouldn’t necessarily shy away from. “This is one of the most interesting experiences as a citizen you could possibly have,” Professor Tait says.
You do not have to wear a suit and tie, but you should dress in neat, comfortable clothes. Do not wear thongs or shorts. As you may be sitting for long periods of time it is important to be comfortable, whilst still showing respect for the court.
To maintain the dignity of the Court, the Court requests that the following list of minimum standards regarding appropriate dress be met before entering the courtroom. 1) Men should wear a shirt with a collar and long pants. (Jeans are acceptable). 2) Women should wear a dress, or a blouse and skirt or long pants.
Each of the federal district courts has its own rules about jury service. Many federal courts offer excuses from service, on individual request, to designated groups, including people over age 70.
The best color to wear to court is probably navy blue or dark gray. These colors suggest seriousness. At the same time, they do not come with the negative connotations that are often associated with the color black (for instance, some people associate black with evil, coldness, and darkness).
You want to wear shoes that complement your clothing. No sneakers, sandals, flip flops, or worn-out work boots. No high or spiked heels. Open-toed shoes are generally inappropriate.
If you need to break to go to the toilet, the judge will have to adjourn the court, so try and go before at all costs!
Jurors’ duties during the trial
Do not talk to others about the case. This responsibility requires that you not talk at all with the lawyers, witnesses, or anyone else connected with the case. The lawyers understand this rule.
There are three groups that are exempt from federal jury service: members of the armed forces on active duty; members of professional fire and police departments; and. “public officers” of federal, state or local governments, who are actively engaged full-time in the performance of public duties.
Your apology letter to court format should include an apology, a brief description of your action, and what you plan to do to fix any problem caused. However, you do not want to sound insincere and apologize too much. You should always include sincere and heartfelt language, but do not go too over the top.
Black is another color to avoid, however, because it often can seem imposing and authoritative – and when you are the defendant, you want to appear humble and serious, not in charge. The best colors to wear are dark gray and navy blue.
Simplify Your Makeup – If you wear makeup please keep it natural. Skip the bright colors and apply it lightly. If you normally wear eye makeup, consider using a waterproof brand; emotions can run high during court cases. Keep your fingernails trimmed and bare or painted a light or neutral color.
In general keep all necklaces, earrings, nose rings, tongue or eyebrow piercings, gaudy rings and high-priced watches out of sight. 7. No hats – If you go to court in winter you can wear a hat outside the courthouse, but once you enter remove your hat.
Both short and long hair should be styled neatly and out of the face. Those with long hair can pull it back or wear it loose, but if it tends to get frizzy or to get in your face, pulling it back neatly is better. Men should keep their beards shaved or trimmed.
7. Keep it simple. It’s best to keep accessories to a minimum, including jewelry, scarves and patterned shoes. I suggest small earrings, and if married, only a wedding ring.
Defendants should present evidence that a juror is sleeping or inattentive as soon as possible. Courts usually won’t grant a motion for a mistrial or new trial if the defense knew that a juror was sleeping or inattentive but didn’t bring it up until the end of trial.
In NSW, juries do not participate in the sentencing process. In a civil case, the trial judge will outline the issues that the jury needs to decide.
If jurors believe a question is too personal, they can try to refuse to answer on those grounds, let the judge know, and the judge would make the decision. If the judge decides they must answer, and they continued to refuse, the judge could hold them in contempt.
They may have tons of money and legion of adoring fans, but when it comes to civic duty, celebrities are just like the rest of us. They even get summoned for jury duty and some of them actually serve! Celebrities are not exempt from receiving those little jury duty notifications in the mail, just like us normals.
Bring up contradictory statements the witness said in a deposition. The most common way to prove a witness’s testimony is false is through a deposition, which is an interview under oath, usually conducted by attorneys. Depositions are rare in family court proceedings.
It’s only human nature. In a roundabout way, this illustrates why you should never smile in the courtroom. Because those present—the jurors on your case, the bailiffs, the clerks, the court reporters—will not know why you are smiling and may assume the worst. … They just might think your smile is about them.
In person: In an interview, social event, or in court, address a judge as “Your Honor” or “Judge [last name].” If you are more familiar with the judge, you may call her just “Judge.” In any context, avoid “Sir” or “Ma’am.” … It will still be “Dear Judge Last” after that.