The Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the Federal courts, respectively.
State Executive consists of Governor and the Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor, who also appoints other ministers on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the state.
To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.
368. Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor. (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, Parliament may in exercise of its constituent power amend by way of addition, variation or repeal any provision of this Constitution in accordance with the procedure laid down in this article.
The judgement listed some basic structures of the constitution as: Supremacy of the Constitution. Unity and sovereignty of India. Democratic and republican form of government.
Federal government structure
Legislative – Makes laws (Congress) Executive – Carries out laws (President, Vice President, Cabinet) Judicial – Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)
The United States was the first modern federation in which the federal government in principle could exercise federal government within its member-states on matters assigned to the federal government.
Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate) Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies) Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)
After the ratification of the Constitution by nine states in 1788, the U.S. was officially a federation, putting the U.S. in a unique position where the central government exists by the sufferance of the individual states rather than the reverse.
A uniform three-tier structure of panchayats at village (Gram Panchayat — GP), intermediate or block (Panchayat Samiti — PS) and district (Zilla Parishad — ZP) levels. All the seats in a panchayat at every level are to be filled by elections from respective territorial constituencies.
Supreme Court held that the power to amend the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights is contained in Article 368. An amendment is not a law within the meaning of Article 13(2). … An amendment is valid even if it abridges any fundamental Right.
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, if a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
Grounds of declaration: Article 360 empowers the president to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the financial stability or credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened.
Socialism is a basic feature of the Constitution. … The expressions ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ were added to the Preamble of the Constitution of India by Section 2 (a) of the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976.
The basic structure doctrine is a common law legal doctrine that the constitution of a sovereign state has certain characteristics that cannot be erased by its legislature. The doctrine is recognised in India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Pakistan, Kenya, and Uganda.
State of Andhra Pradesh the Supreme Court has stated while defining socialism “Establishment of the Egalitarian social Order through the rule of law is the basic structure of the constitution”. The Court laid emphasis on social justice so as to attain substantial degree of social, economic and political equality.
Democracy is a political system where the government is ruled either directly by the people or through elected officials who represent them. … The most common examples of democracies are the United States, Canada, Germany, and many other European nations.
The Congress is composed of two parts: the House of Representatives and the Senate. … The president shares power with Congress. For example, the president can veto a bill initiated by Congress, but Congress can override the veto by getting a two-thirds majority vote in both the House and the Senate.
It would be a federation with the characteristics of a confederation. Federal China would consist of two kinds of republics: ‘loose republics’ such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang: and ‘close republics’ consisting the rest of China.
As nouns the difference between democracy and federation
is that democracy is (uncountable) rule by the people, especially as a form of government; either directly or through elected representatives (representative democracy) while federation is act of joining together into a single (l) (l).
Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.
The government comprises three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.
The Head of the State is the Governor. The Indian President appoints Governor for each state by warrant under his hand and seal. Central Government is responsible to nominate the governor for each state. Commonly the word government refers to government departments and various ministers who head them.
It consists of Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad. (a) Panchayat: (i) There is a panchayat in each village or group of villages. (ii) It is a council which has several ward members (panch) and a president (sarpanch).
In a general sense, it refers to institutions or even groups and their relations to each other, their patterns of interaction within political systems and to political regulations, laws and the norms present in political systems in such a way that they constitute the political landscape. …
The 73rd and the 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, 1992 enjoin upon the. states to establish a three-tier system of Panchayats at the village, intermediate and. district levels and Municipalities in the urban areas respectively. States are. expected to devolve adequate powers, responsibilities and finances upon these.
|United States of America|
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|• President||Joe Biden (D)|
|• Vice President||Kamala Harris (D)|
The United States is a constitutional federal republic, in which the president (the head of state and head of government), Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government, and the federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.