A Standards Based curriculum is a body of knowledge and set of competencies that form the basis for a quality education. It defines what students should know, understand and be able to do and includes the accompanying teaching content.
Trafton, Reys, and Wasman (2001) proposed that a standards-based curriculum contained six characteristics: comprehensibility, coherence, development of ideas in depth, promotion of sense-making, engagement of students, and motivation for learning.
The general goal of standards-based learning is to ensure that students are acquiring the knowledge and skills that are deemed to be essential to success in school, higher education, careers, and adult life.
“The idea behind standards-based curriculum is to set clear standards for what we want students to learn and to use those academic standards to drive other changes in the system and for life -long learning and living.”
By adopting and following standards, and informing students of their goals, administrators can hold teachers and students accountable for classroom progress. Standards-based instruction guides planning and instruction and helps teachers keep their focus on the learning target.
The GES new curriculum is standard-based, meaning that every student or learner ought to demonstrate competency and mastery of knowledge. All students (P2, P4 and P6) will undergo a mandatory assessment to check and track their performance. Students from P1 to P6 are required to study history as a mandatory subject.
Standards-based assessment is meant to offer a way that teachers can identify the skills that matter most, can evaluate student work fairly, can give feedback to students that is helpful and actionable, and can use data to revise upcoming lessons to meet their students’ needs.
Standards based instruction helps guide the planning, implementation, and assessment of student learning. The use of standards to streamline instruction ensures that teaching practices deliberately focus on agreed upon learning targets. Expectations for student learning are mapped out with each prescribed standard.
1. Assessments and instruction that are based upon a set of standards that are expected to be met. These standards outline the knowledge and skills that students are able to demonstrate as they progress through a course.
Implementation of a standards-based curriculum requires districts and schools to work ahead of time to create mapping, commonly called a curriculum map, scope and sequence, or pacing guide. Each type of document is mostly the same with varying degrees of differences.
The Standard Based Curriculum is structured on a more material system, where students directly access resources to reason and extract information at their own pace. The Outcome Based Education is more systematic where students are taught with expectations of achieving a more specific outcome in their lessons.
An integrated curriculum implies learning that is synthesized across traditional subject areas and learning experiences that are designed to be mutually reinforcing. This approach develops the child’s ability to transfer their learning to other settings.
From the study teachers perceived that the new curriculum is important as it will encourage group work, assist students to get lifelong skills, prepare students for the job market, promote inclusive education, promote gender equality, and considers Ghanaian students’ culture and society.
The CCP is a standard-based curriculum that seeks to develop the 6 key competencies of learning such as critical thinking and problem solving in learners.
A classroom where teachers and students have a clear understanding of the expectations (standards). They know what they are teaching/learning each day (standards), why the day’s learning is an important thing to know or know how to do (relevance), and how to do it (process).
Standards set clear and measurable goals.
Individuals often perceive standards as the curriculum or course of study in a particular subject. Rather, standards inform educators about what the outcomes of a course of study should be.
The simple idea of standards-based learning is to ensure transparency in all elements of the teaching and learning process: curriculum, instruction, assessment, and reporting.
Outcome-based education is a model of education that rejects the traditional focus on what the school provides to students, in favor of making students demonstrate that they “know and are able to do” whatever the required outcomes are. OBE reforms emphasize setting clear standards for observable, measurable outcomes.
For the last 22 years, the elementary years are when local languages were mandatory under the Outcome Based Education (OBE) Policy. … Standard Based Education (SBE) is now set for the new academic year. This means that English will be the only form of communication starting at elementary school.
For example, I was only taught reading comprehension in reading class or math in only mathematics class but never in other subjects. … An integrated curriculum is described as one that connects different areas of study by cutting across subject-matter lines and emphasizing unifying concepts.Jun 28, 2020
The areas of integration included: 1) art, mathematics, and reading; 2) writing across the curriculum; 3) history, science, and mathematics; 4) history and literature; 5) integrated humanities; 6) health and reading; 7) areas of mathematics; 8) social studies, health, and the arts; 9) physical education, the arts, …
A subject based curriculum is one that is divided into different subjects like maths or history. Each subject is distinct and there is little focus on making cross-curricular links. This type of learning focuses on the subject, rather than the individual.