A major goal of reading comprehension instruction, therefore, is to help students develop the knowledge, skills, and experiences they must have if they are to become competent and enthusiastic readers.
1) Short direct instruction on something good readers do, usually a cognitive skill (5-10 minutes), 2) a long reading time (30 – 60 minutes) in which children read and apply the lesson to their own, self-selected books as well as a time for the teacher to confer with individual students, 3) ends with reading journal …
There are three different styles of reading academic texts: skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading. Each is used for a specific purpose.
According to Reutzel and Cooter (2012), there are seven pillars of effective reading instruction: teacher knowledge, classroom assessment, evidence-based teaching practice, response to intervention, motivation and engagement, technology and new literacies and family and community connections.
Explicitly teaching reading strategies provides students with the tools needed to become aware of their thinking, provide confidence in their ability to think and analyze text and, most importantly, makes thinking visible and audible.
The following principles have been shown to be effective for developing readers. Use explicit and systematic reading instruction to develop the major components of reading—decoding, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension—according to the assessed needs of individual learners.
Understanding Best Practices
Teach reading for authentic meaning-making literacy experiences for pleasure, to be informed, and to perform a task. Use high-quality literature. Integrate a comprehensive word study/phonics program into reading/writing instruction. Use multiple texts that link and expand concepts.
Effective literacy instruction means we set aside what feels good, looks good, and our personal beliefs to ensure student achievement results are guiding us. All students can learn to read at proficient and advanced levels when provided with that just-right instruction to meet their academic needs.
To improve students’ reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.
Conclusions. Much of the research in the field of reading has examined the relationships between children’s reading ability and their other cognitive skills. … But research can improve our understanding of how written language works and of how children learn, and educators can use this information to design instruction.
These three phases are pre-reading, while-reading and after-reading phases. Each of them has its own important role. They are all necessary parts of a reading activity. In language classrooms, these phases have to be put in consideration in order to achieve to develop students’ reading skills.
Certified reading teachers are teachers who are specialists in reading and literacy. They may work with young students at the elementary level, introducing them to the basics of reading, or with high school students, encouraging them to read more advanced works.
◊ Effective reading teachers teach skills, strategies, and concepts. Provide differentiated instruction based on assessment results and adapt instruction to meet students’ needs. … Provide opportunities to apply skills and strategies in reading and writing meaningful text with teacher support.
Reading aloud helps students learn how to use language to make sense of the world; it improves their information processing skills, vocabulary, and comprehension. Reading aloud targets the skills of audio learners. Research has shown that teachers who read aloud motivate students to read.
Instructional strategies are techniques teachers use to help students become independent, strategic learners. These strategies become learning strategies when students independently select the appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals.
As a reading teacher, you work in public and private schools at all grade levels. … Through assessment, you learn how to evaluate reading levels and select reading and learning material to use in class. You develop lessons plans and activities that meet each student’s individual needs.
But we feel that no matter what program is popular at the time, an effective literacy program should always encompass these six basic components: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, and writing.