A trial jury, also known as a petit jury, decides whether the defendant committed the crime as charged in a criminal case, or whether the defendant injured the plaintiff in a civil case.
, also known as a
, decides whether the defendant committed the crime as charged in a criminal case, or whether the defendant injured the plaintiff in a civil case.
What is another name for trial juries? petit juries.
Legal Definition of jury trial
: a trial in which a jury serves as the trier of fact. — called also trial by jury. — compare bench trial. Note: The right to a jury trial is established in the U.S. Constitution, but it is not an absolute right.
Most trial juries are “petit juries”, and usually consist of twelve people. A larger jury known as a grand jury was used to investigate potential crimes and render indictments against suspects, but all common law countries except the United States and Liberia have phased these out.
A hung jury, also called a deadlocked jury, is a judicial jury that cannot agree upon a verdict after extended deliberation and is unable to reach the required unanimity or supermajority.
Terms in this set (18)
What is it called when the jury ignores the law and acquits an obviously guilty defendant? jury nullification.
1) jury. Noun. A committee appointed to judge a competition. فیصلہ ساز کمیٹی مقابلے کے ججوں کی جماعت
Jury panel: A group of prospective qualified jurors who are sent to a courtroom for jury selection.
When a judge sequesters a jury (a process known as sequestration), the jury is isolated from the public to prevent jurors from coming into contact with members or products of the media, other people interested in the trial, etc.
A grand jury is composed of between 16 and 23 citizens who have the evidence against a criminal defendant presented to them by a prosecutor. The role of the grand jury is to decide whether to “indict” the defendant, which means decide if they should face trial or not.
A mistrial is a trial that is not completed. Instead, it is halted and declared invalid, usually before a verdict is delivered. Mistrials may occur for a variety of reasons. … In other words, when a trial is halted due to a hung jury, that is a mistrial. However, not all mistrials result from a hung jury.
A judge may declare a mistrial for several reasons, including lack of jurisdiction, incorrect jury selection, or a deadlocked, or hung, jury. … Extraordinary circumstances, such as death or illness of a necessary juror or an attorney, may also result in a mistrial.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE SEQUESTERED? The jurors are isolated in an undisclosed hotel and cannot go home to their families until a verdict is reached. A sequestered jury typically deliberates after the close of normal business hours, to finish its work faster. Jurors have been told to avoid all news about the case.
grand juries are used extensively in jurisdictions where the constitution requires a grand jury indictment in all felonies. In jurisdictions that do not have this constitutinal requirement grand jurt indictments are required in only select offenses.
What is the name of automatic discovery for certain types of evidence, without the necessity for motions and court orders? a. reciprocal disclosure.
What is a motion? A motion is a procedural device to bring a limited, but contested, matter before a court for decision. Think of it as a request to the judge to make a decision about something to do with the case.
The word certiorari comes from Law Latin and means “to be more fully informed.” A writ of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court may review it. … The writ of certiorari is a common law writ, which may be abrogated or controlled entirely by statute or court rules.
Robe. One kind of evidence. Photographs. Type of case about someone accused of committing a crime. Criminal.
Grand juries view evidence to decide whether to file charges, but don’t decide guilt like a regular jury. Grand juries generally have more jury members than a regular jury, with some grand juries having as many as 23 members. Regular juries generally have between 6 and 12 members.
In most civil cases, six jurors sit to hear a matter, although there may be as many as 12 jurors. … In a civil trial, five out of six jurors are needed to return a verdict in favor of one party or the other. When 12 jurors deliberate in a civil trial, 10 jurors are needed to return a verdict.
A jury trial is where a jury hears the case, and a bench trial is where a judge hears the case. A jury is made up of people from the community or jurisdiction of the court. … In a bench trial, the judge has complete control and makes all decisions.
Word family (noun) creation creativity creator creativeness (adjective) creative ≠ uncreative (verb) create recreate (adverb) creatively.
There are certain legal grounds for which a juror might be excused, called a challenge for cause, and each side may excuse a certain number of jurors, called a peremptory challenge. The challenges do not reflect on the jurors’ integrity or intelligence.
Jury panel is the entire group of people selected and assigned to panels to perform a jury duty in a judicial proceeding. Each person in the jury panel are prospective jurors.
HOW ARE JURORS SELECTED? In Waukesha County, jurors are randomly selected from the State of Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Division of Motor Vehicles driver’s license and identification lists. … Jurors names are not selected from voter lists.
Nullify means to remove the force, effectiveness, or value of something. The thing nullified is the refered to as null and void, or as being a nullity. Juries may also nullify the law instructed to be applied in a case to be decided, which is refered to as jury nullification. …
What Does the Term “Exculpatory Evidence” Mean in a California Criminal Defense Case? Exculpatory evidence includes any evidence that may prove a defendant’s innocence. Examples of exculpatory evidence include an alibi, such as witness testimony that a defendant was somewhere else when the crime occurred.
An arraignment is a criminal proceeding where the defendant is called before a court, informed of the charges, and asked to enter a plea. If you have never been arrested, you might not understand the point of an arraignment hearing.
The foreperson serves as the spokesperson for the jury. He is also the one responsible for signing and presenting indictments and the verdict to the court on behalf of the jury.
An arraignment is a hearing. It is where the court formally charges the person who abused you with the crime. If the person who abused you is arrested and the District Attorney files a criminal complaint against them, the first thing that will happen in court is the arraignment.