These include the Mandan, Hidatsa, & Arikara Nation (Three Affiliated Tribes), the Spirit Lake Nation, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Nation, and the Trenton Indian Service Area.
There are five federally-recognized Indian reservations in North Dakota — the Fort Berthold Reservation in west-central North Dakota, the Lake Traverse Reservation in the southeastern corner of North Dakota, the Spirit Lake Reservation in the east-central part of North Dakota, the Standing Rock Reservation in south- …
Today, the University of North Dakota rests on the ancestral lands of the Pembina and Red Lake Bands of Ojibwe and the Dakota Oyate – presently existing as composite parts of the Red Lake, Turtle Mountain, White Earth Bands, and the Dakota Tribes of Minnesota and North Dakota.
The Mandan was probaly the first tribe to reach North Dakota. Mandan were followed into North Dakota by the Hidatsa,and the Cheyenne. The Arikara came later into North Dakota. The four tribes of Hidatsa, Mandan, Arikara, and the Cheyenne are known as the Agriculture tribes.
Located in Minnesota and western Wisconsin, the Dakota have lived for countless generations along the wooded shores of the region’s lakes and rivers. They harvested wild rice, maple sugar, and cultivated gardens. They were semi-nomadic people, spending most of the year in villages populated with Bark Long Houses.
The Dakotas traveled freely, however, and there was also significant Dakota presence in the modern states of Iowa, Nebraska, Montana, and northern Illinois, and in south-central Canada. Today, most Dakota people live in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Saskatchewan.
Indians and Euro-Americans came into contact during the 18th Century. The first recorded visitor was La Verendrye, a French explorer who reached the Missouri River from Canada in 1738 while searching for a water route to the Pacific Ocean. Others followed, including La Verendrye’s sons in 1742.
|Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation|
Red Indian is an offensive term for a native North American. In North America, the term is now considered a racial slur.
Called “Paha Sapa” the Black Hills are home to many tribes, consisting primarily of the Lakota and Dakota nations. However, nearly two dozen other Native American Tribes claim the Black Hills as ancestral and sacred.
Oglala Lakota County, contained entirely within the boundaries of the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income ($8,768) in the country, and ranks as the “poorest” county in the nation.
The federal government is responsible for managing Indian affairs for the benefit of all Indians. … As a result, Native American reservations are among the poorest communities in the United States .
The reservation of the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians is a one-square-mile (2.6 km2) tract of land, located in Riverside County, California, at 33°39′01″N 116°11′27″W.
After the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862, the United States Congress abrogated or nullified all treaties, and most of the Dakota were exiled to new lands along the Missouri River and in North and South Dakota. Dakota communities were reestablished in Minnesota in their current locations by acts of Congress in 1886.
Dakota is the Sioux Indian word for “friend”.
The words Lakota and Dakota, however, are translated to mean “friend” or “ally” and is what they called themselves. Many Lakota people today prefer to be called Lakota instead of Sioux, as Sioux was a disrespectful name given to them by their enemies.
The Eastern and Western Dakota are two of the three groupings belonging to the Sioux nation (also called Dakota in a broad sense), the third being the Lakota (Thítȟuŋwaŋ or Teton). The three groupings speak dialects that are still relatively mutually intelligible.
Indian Country Today, a successful Native American newspaper, was started at Pine Ridge in 1981; it is now based in Rapid City, S. Dak. In 1990 there were more than 100,000 Sioux in the United States and more than 10,000 in Canada.
The total number of native North Americans is approximately 1.5 million, of which around 100,000 are Lakota. They reside near the Sacred Black Hills of South Dakota.
The Comanches, known as the “Lords of the Plains”, were regarded as perhaps the most dangerous Indians Tribes in the frontier era. One of the most compelling stories of the Wild West is the abduction of Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah’s mother, who was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches and assimilated into the tribe.
After the government confiscated the sacred land of the Lakota, they forced the natives to westernize through brutality and force. … Through the eyes of the Lakota nation, the oppression inflicted by the US government has driven members of the tribe to lose a sense of hope in their lives.
July 4, 1776
American Indian represents just under one percent of the United States household population. According to the latest American Community Survey, American Indians alone comprise 39,669 of North Dakota’s population, a little over five percent; a figure that has remained unchanged since the last decennial census.