District court judges review petitions, hear motions, hold trials, issue injunctions, and keep the wheels of justice spinning. Federal district courts serve the 94 federal judicial districts. Each state has at least one judicial district.
District judges (full time) and deputy district judges (part-time) are paid, and preside over criminal and family cases in the magistrates’ courts. They sit alone, with a legal advisor or legal assistant providing advice.
Judges play many roles. They interpret the law, assess the evidence presented, and control how hearings and trials unfold in their courtrooms. Most important of all, judges are impartial decision-makers in the pursuit of justice.
District Judge, judge that sits to hear pre-trial applications and small claims cases in the County court, previously known as a Circuit Registrar. District Judge, judge that presides over the Magistrates’ Courts, formerly known as a resident magistrate.
There are many different types of judges. There are circuit court judges, general sessions judges, and juvenile judges, to name a few.
To conduct the trial impartially and in an open court. To look at all the evidence and hear witnesses presented by the prosecution and the defence. To decide whether the accused is guilty or innocent on the basis of the evidence presented to him and in accordance with the law.
Judges do most of their work in offices and courtrooms. Their jobs can be demanding because they must sit in the same position in the court or hearing room for long periods and give undivided attention to the process.
A judge oversees a trial or hearing, serving as an impartial referee and making decisions on which arguments, questions and evidence are admissible. Judges may determine the extent of punishments levied during trials. In some trials, a judge is also responsible for handing in a ruling in the case.
Courts apply the law to specific controversies brought before them. They resolve disputes between people, companies and units of government. Often, courts are called on to uphold limitations on the government. They protect against abuses by all branches of government.
At the district level, a District Judge (DJ) is always considered superior to the District Magistrate (D.M.). At the topmost level, Chief Justice of India is always considered superior to the Cabinet Secretary.
District judges are appointed by the Queen, following a fair and open competition administered by the Judicial Appointments Commission, and the statutory qualification is a five-year right of audience – the right of a lawyer to appear and speak as an advocate for a party in a case in the court – in relation to all …
While district judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate for lifetime tenure, magistrate judges are appointed by a majority vote of the federal district judges of a particular district and serve terms of eight years if full-time, or four years if part-time, and may be reappointed.
In addition to the district judge there may be number of Additional District Judges and Assistant District Judges depending on the workload. The Additional District Judge and the court presided have equivalent jurisdiction as the District Judge and his district court.
Judges decide a variety of cases that come before the courts, including civil suits, criminal cases and family law matters. When there is no jury, judges… Judges also ensure that cases are conducted following the rules of court and the rules dealing with evidence that can be used.
A judge’s role is to make decisions. … On the one hand, judges decide by interpreting and applying the law, but much more affects judicial decision-making: psychological effects, group dynamics, numerical reasoning, biases, court processes, influences from political and other institutions, and technological advancement.
You· and each of you, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you will well and truly try this case before you, and a true verdict render, according to the evidence and the law so help you God? (Oath to jurors on trial) You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say may be held against you in a court of law.
The origin of the address “My Lord” certainly goes back to the disgraceful colonial era. Since the judges of the Supreme Court of England were holding Lordship, which was a typical feudal title of the British system, they were addressed by the British lawyers as “My Lord” or “My Lady”.
When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they profoundly shape public policy. For example, federal judges have declared over 100 federal laws unconstitutional. Another measure of the Supreme Court’s power is its ability to overrule itself.
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Professional judges in the civil-law tradition
In a typical civil-law country, a person graduating from law school makes a choice between a judicial career and a career as a private lawyer. … In Japan, as in the vast majority of civil-law systems, the civil-law judge is a civil servant.
The three basic functions of the court system are norm enforcement, dispute processing, and policy making. Norm enforcing references the fact that the courts are responsible for upholding the norms set in place by society.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has held that a district collector is not a judge and as such cannot seek immunity from prosecution in criminal cases. … “The Collector is neither a Judge as defined under Section 19 nor does he act judicially, when discharging any of the functions under the (Land Acquisition) Act.
Judicial Service examination is an entry-level test for the law graduates to get into the prestigious department of judiciary to be a judge. … No working experience is required and even final year students can also appear for the exam.
(2) A judge may serve as an officer, director, active partner, manager, advisor, or employee of a business only if the business is closely held and controlled by members of the judge’s family.
What do magistrates do? Magistrates listen carefully to all evidence given in court and follow structured decision-making processes (such as sentencing guidelines in criminal cases) and case law to reach fair decisions. They are advised on points of law by a legal adviser who sits in court with them.
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The difference between a Justice and Judge is that the Judges handle local cases in lower-level courts, and Justices work in the state’s Appeals Court and Supreme Court. … A judge is a person presiding over court proceedings. He can carry out this task alone or by being a part of a panel of judges.
(1) Appointments of persons to be, and the posting and promotion of, district judges in any State shall be made by the Governor of the State in consultation with the High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such State.
The district courts are the general trial courts of the federal court system. Each district court has at least one United States District Judge, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for a life term. District courts handle trials within the federal court system – both civil and criminal.