Passed by Congress December 9, 1803, and ratified June 15, 1804, the 12th Amendment provided for separate Electoral College votes for President and Vice President, correcting weaknesses in the earlier electoral system which were responsible for the controversial Presidential Election of 1800.
The amendment grants the district electors in the Electoral College as though it were a state, though the district can never have more electors than the least-populous state. … The ratification of the amendment made the district the only entity other than the states to have any representation in the Electoral College.
The Amendment allows American citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for presidential electors, who in turn vote in the Electoral College for President and Vice President. In layperson’s terms, the Amendment means that residents of the District are able to vote for President and Vice President.
The Twentieth Amendment (Amendment XX) to the United States Constitution moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, and of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
On July 1, 1971, our Nation ratified the 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18. … We also made a national commitment that the right to vote would never be denied or abridged for any adult voter based on their age.
On this date in 1962, the House passed the 24th Amendment, outlawing the poll tax as a voting requirement in federal elections, by a vote of 295 to 86. … On January 23, 1964, the 24th Amendment became part of the Constitution when South Dakota ratified it.
Not long ago, citizens in some states had to pay a fee to vote in a national election. This fee was called a poll tax. On January 23, 1964, the United States ratified the 24th Amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting any poll tax in elections for federal officials.
The ratification of the 21st Amendment marked the end of federal laws to bar the manufacture, transportation, and sale of intoxicating liquors.
The right to counsel refers to the right of a criminal defendant to have a lawyer assist in his defense, even if he cannot afford to pay for an attorney. The Sixth Amendment gives defendants the right to counsel in federal prosecutions.
The Twelfth Amendment stipulates that each elector must cast distinct votes for president and vice president, instead of two votes for president. … The Twelfth Amendment requires a person to receive a majority of the electoral votes for vice president for that person to be elected vice president by the Electoral College.
The Thirteenth Amendment—passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864; by the House on January 31, 1865; and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865—abolished slavery “within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Congress required former Confederate states to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment as a …
Passed by Congress March 23, 1971, and ratified July 1, 1971, the 26th amendment granted the right to vote to American citizens aged eighteen or older.
The Seventh Amendment extends the right to a jury trial to federal civil cases such as car accidents, disputes between corporations for breach of contract, or most discrimination or employment disputes.
The 13th (1865), 14th (1868), and 15th Amendments (1870) were the first amendments made to the U.S. constitution in 60 years. Known collectively as the Civil War Amendments, they were designed to ensure the equality for recently emancipated slaves.
Several constitutional amendments (the Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-sixth specifically) require that voting rights of U.S. citizens cannot be abridged on account of race, color, previous condition of servitude, sex, or age (18 and older); the constitution as originally written did not establish any such rights …
The proposed 26th Amendment passed the House and Senate in the spring of 1971 and was ratified by the states on July 1, 1971.
The idea behind this amendment is to reduce corruption in the legislative branch by requiring an election before a Congressperson’s salary increase takes effect. The public can thus remove members of Congress from office before their salaries increase.
The new constitution took effect in 1971. The amendments approved by the General Assembly and ratified by the people reorganized the executive branch, banned poll taxes, provided for new kinds of local taxes and borrowing by city and county governments, and simplified the state income tax.
The Act was passed by Congress in 1866 and vetoed by United States President Andrew Johnson. … Following passage of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868, Congress ratified the 1866 Act in 1870.
The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
|1||Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.|
|7||Right of trial by jury in civil cases.|
|8||Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.|
|9||Other rights of the people.|
|10||Powers reserved to the states.|
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.
|1st||1791||Rights to Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition|
|2nd||1791||Right to Bear Arms|
|3rd||1791||Quartering of Soldiers|
|4th||1791||Search and Seizure|
In the United States, the federal constitution does not make a reference to God as such, although it uses the formula “the year of our Lord” in Article VII. … They generally use an invocatio of “God the Almighty” or the “Supreme Ruler of the Universe”.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.