Designate a quiet work space in the classroom. Set up preferential seating close to the teacher and/or away from high-traffic areas. Post a written schedule for daily routines and rules. When possible, let the student know ahead of time about schedule changes.
Adults with ADHD will differ in the type and quantity of accommodations required. A few simple strategies and accommodations can often significantly increase both job performance and job satisfaction. A process of trial and error may be required to discover the best accommodations.
The term “accommodation” may be used to describe an alteration of environment, curriculum format, or equipment that allows an individual with a disability to gain access to content and/or complete assigned tasks. They allow students with disabilities to pursue a regular course of study.
The Americans with Disabilities Act
The ADA includes ADHD as a recognized disability. For an employee who has ADHD, the act can require the employer to provide reasonable accommodations, as long as it doesn’t create undue hardship for the business.
Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, employers who have 15 or more employees are usually required to provide reasonable accommodations. Some state and local laws may require that employers with fewer employees provide reasonable accommodations.
The only therapies that are proven effective for treating ADHD are behavior therapy/modification, stimulant medication, or a combination of the two. It works best to start with behavior therapy, and then see if you need to add medication as a supplement if behavior therapy doesn’t totally fix functioning issues.
Accommodations are typically grouped into four categories: presentation, response, setting, and timing and scheduling.
Encourage students with ADHD to sit near the front of the classroom to minimise distractions. Help students break assignments and reading tasks into small, manageable chunks. Encourage students to establish a study space conducive to effective learning.
First, you need to have a documented disability. That could be ADHD, a learning disability, or any other medical, emotional, or physical condition that substantially limits one or more major life activities, including learning or concentration.
IEPs are plans for free services given in regular or special classes in public school. Children with disabilities — including ADHD, autism, and physical disabilities — can get an IEP if there’s evidence the condition affects their ability to succeed in school.
Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973, a civil rights law, prohibits programs that receive federal funds from discriminating against children with disabilities and, under certain circumstances, requires school districts to make accommodations for the ADHD student.
ADHD is only a protected disability when it interferes with a person’s ability to work and participate in society but not for mild conditions that don’t interfere with functionality. The Centers for Disease Control considers ADHD to be a developmental disability.
For employees and family members affected by ADHD, FMLA may be an option to care for unique needs related to ADHD if criteria are met for ADHD to be considered a serious health condition as defined under the law. Consult your employer’s FMLA policy and/or your human resources department for more information about FMLA.
Accommodations allow a student to learn the same material, but in a different way. Modifications change what a student is taught or expected to learn.
According to the EEOC, you only have to let your employer know that you need an adjustment or change at work for a reason related to a medical condition. You can use “plain English” to make your request and you do not have to mention the ADA or use the phrase “reasonable accommodation.”
A “reasonable accommodation” is a change, exception, or adjustment to a rule, policy, practice, or service that may be necessary for a person with a disability to have an equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling, including public and common use spaces.
Building organization and time management habits
Use an assignment notebook. Provide an extra set of books for the student to keep at home. Break down big projects into smaller pieces with more deadlines. Provide colored strips to place under sentences or equations when reading.
An academic modification is a change to what a student is taught or expected to do in school. An example of a modification is less homework or easier assignments. Before using a modification, it’s often better to try changing how a child learns, or try using a different teaching strategy.
Section 504 covers ADHD kids who don’t qualify for special-ed services under IDEA, but who need extra help in the classroom. The law prohibits schools from discriminating against students because of physical and mental impairments.
Testing accommodations are changes to the regular testing environment and auxiliary aids and services2 that allow individuals with disabilities to demonstrate their true aptitude or achievement level on standardized exams or other high-stakes tests.
How should a reasonable accommodation request be made? A request can be made verbally or in writing by the student to any representative of the student housing/administration at any time (i.e. before they move in, while they move in, or after living there for several semesters/years).