3.1 Net Widening. I take net widening to refer to any process in which offenders are subject to more intrusive sanctions than before. Thus net widening would occur if offenders who would be fined or subject to a probation order are now subject to a conditional sentence.Jan 7, 2015
“Net widening” or “widening the net” is the name given to the process of administrative or practical changes that result in a greater number of individuals being controlled by the criminal justice system. The net of social control is widened to manage the behavior of a greater number of individuals.
The phenomenon occurring in Denver is a classic example of net-widening-more drug offenders being brought into the system and sentenced to prison as a result of the implementation of drug courts in the jurisdiction.
Net widening or ‘widening the net’ is the name given to the process of administrative that result in a greater number of individuals being controlled by the criminal justice system.
Net Widening. the capacity of correctional reforms to be implemented as supplements rather than alternatives thereby increasing the number of people under some form of correctional control (adding more policies without editing, removing, changing the old ones making for more intake of prisoners)
By widening the net to intervene with low-level offenders, juvenile justice systems dilute precious resources and ensure that youths in need of comprehensive services go unserved. By reducing net widening, research shows that systems can improve their effectiveness and better promote public safety.
The net-widening effect may cause inefficiency in two ways. First, the new sanctions fail to reduce the prison population which imposes the highest costs on the society. Second, even though these instruments are less costly than prison, they entail more expenses than the traditional non-custodial sanctions (e.g. fine).
An indeterminate sentencing structure is one where a sentence for a criminal offense is given as a range. For example, a defendant could be sentenced to “15 years to life in prison.” With an indeterminate sentence, a minimum prison term is always given but a release date is left open.
3.1 Net Widening. I take net widening to refer to any process in which offenders are subject to more intrusive sanctions than before. Thus net widening would occur if offenders who would be fined or subject to a probation order are now subject to a conditional sentence.
A frequent goal of intermediate sanctions is to divert offenders from a sentence that is considered too severe or expensive for a particular offender. As a result, some offenders receive a more severe sanction than they originally would have received prior to the creation of this new sanction. …
Although a primary goal of diversion is to limit youth contact with the juvenile justice system, net widening can occur if youth who otherwise would not have had contact with the juvenile justice system are referred to diversion programs (Mears et al., 2016).
How may diversion result in widening the net of juvenile justice processing? … This ended up transferring state power from juvenile courts to police/probation depts. Juvenile offenders who would’ve been otherwise released were referred to new diversionary programs, allotting more state power to control juveniles.
diversion, any of a variety of programs that implement strategies seeking to avoid the formal processing of an offender by the criminal justice system.
The most common intermediate sanctions are intensive supervision, electronic monitoring, and boot camp. These options were first developed in the early to mid 1980s as a response to prison overcrowding.
Intermediate sanctions, such as intensive supervision probation, financial penalties, house arrest, intermittent confinement, shock probation and incarceration, community service, electronic monitoring, and treatment are beginning to fill the gap between probation and prison.
Indeterminate sentences may be handed down for felony convictions, where punishment includes incarceration in a state prison. They are not generally used when the crime is less serious.
A prison sentence that consists of a range of years (such as “five to ten years”). … The principle behind indeterminate sentences is the hope that prison will rehabilitate some prisoners; those who show the most progress will be paroled closer to the minimum term than those who do not.
Generally, indeterminate sentencing is used in felony cases, but not in misdemeanor cases, felony crimes being more serious. Most misdemeanor crimes are relatively less serious and carry comparatively short jail sentences.
‘Responsibilization’ is a term developed in the governmentality literature to refer to the process whereby subjects are rendered individually responsible for a task which previously would have been the duty of another – usually a state agency – or would not have been recognized as a responsibility at all.
Restorative Justice is a process through which remorseful offenders accept responsibility for their misconduct, particularly to their victims and to the community. … Examples of restorative process include mediation, conferencing, sentencing/support circle and the like.
Continuum of sanctions means a variety of coercive measures and treatment options ranked by degrees of public safety, punitive effect, and cost benefit which are available to the sentencing judge as punishment for criminal conduct; Sample 1. Sample 2.
The major objective of many of the early diversion programs was to provide a structured, community-based alternative to incarceration so that petty offenders and status offenders would not be exposed to the corrupting influences of the more hardened multiple offenders who populate juvenile institutions.
This study found that diversion programs for youth are significantly more successful than traditional juvenile justice systems in reducing recidivism, with programs focusing on medium to high-risk youth being more effective than those targeting low-risk offenders.
The primary goals of the juvenile justice system, in addition to maintaining public safety, are skill development, habilitation, rehabilitation, addressing treatment needs, and successful reintegration of youth into the community. Learn more about the juvenile justice process.
What do you consider the major milestones in the evolution of juvenile justice? Juvenile due process requirements + high cost of courts and correctional facilities = more community-based alternatives to treat juvenile offenders. This ended up transferring state power from juvenile courts to police/probation depts.
Frequency: The definition of a diversion is an activity, often pleasant, that takes you away from your normal activity, or a detour or alternative course. An interruption from a friend in the middle of doing tedious work is an example of a diversion.
Intermediate sanctions alleviate prison overcrowding by allowing more offenders to participate in programs designed to reform the offender while the offender lives as a part of the community. Additionally, intermediate sanctions help reduce recidivism, or repeated criminal behavior.
intermediate sanctions. –use of split sentencing, shock probation, shock parole, shock incarceration, community service, intensive supervision, or home confinement. -in lieu of other more traditional sanctions like imprisonment or fines. people that get intermediate sanctions. pose little or no threat to the community.
Types of intermediate sanctions include intensive supervision of probation, restitution and fines, community service orders, day reporting centers, house arrest, electronic monitoring, halfway houses, drug courts, and boot camps.
Intermediate sanctions are criminal penalties that do not include jail time or probation. Rather, intermediate sanctions fall in the middle of these types of punishments and offer an alternative to them. Intermediate sanctions are intended to provide judges with more flexibility when directing sentences.
Intermediate Sanctions The use of split sentencing, shock probation or parole, shock incarceration, community service, intensive supervision, or home confinement in lieu of other, more traditional, sanctions, such as imprisonment and fines.