While it’s perfectly normal for a student to pick up literacy in kindergarten or even first grade, there are some pre-reading skills that you can nurture early on. … Read on to find out how and when children learn fundamental reading abilities, as well as which skills PreK children are ready to study.
Learning to read in school
Most children learn to read by 6 or 7 years of age. Some children learn at 4 or 5 years of age. Even if a child has a head start, she may not stay ahead once school starts. The other students most likely will catch up during the second or third grade.
To improve students’ reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.
The order of teaching these phonemes can vary between schools and teaching schemes, but the most common phonemes are usually taught first – such as /t/, /a/, /s/, /n/, /p/ and /i/.
Letters that occur frequently in simple words (e.g., a, m, t) are taught first. Letters that look similar and have similar sounds (b and d) are separated in the instructional sequence to avoid confusion. Short vowels are taught before long vowels.
Phonics is a training structure for children to comprehend the English language. It teaches to correlate the sound made by the letter with the letter itself. In simple words, Phonics is used to describe the sounds the letters make.
What it is: Dyslexia is a common learning difference that affects reading. It makes it hard to isolate the sounds in words, match those sounds to letters, and blend sounds into words. Learning to spell may be even harder than learning to read for some people with dyslexia.
Meaning making must be central to the teaching of reading. All teachers are expected to teach phonics explicitly, alongside supporting students’ literal, inferential and evaluative comprehension and to support students’ interest, engagement and enjoyment with books and other texts that they read and view.
There are three different styles of reading academic texts: skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading. Each is used for a specific purpose.
Can reading comprehension be taught? In this blog post, I’ll suggest that the most straightforward answer is “no.” Reading comprehension strategies (1) don’t boost comprehension per se; (2) do indirectly help comprehension but; (3) don’t need to be practiced.
Example of a pre-reading activity:
Students from an elementary group are going to read a listing on Airbnb. Some possible pre-reading activities are: Revealing the Airbnb logo and asking students what they know about it. Eliciting from students what they expect to see in an Airbnb listing.
Pre-reading strategies are learning approaches designed to help give your child structure, guidance, and background knowledge before they begin exploring a new text. These strategies target your child’s reading comprehension skills by giving them the tools they need to become active, successful readers.
“The fact is that most kids can learn to read with little or no phonics,” Shanahan said. Indeed, many kids figure out how to read on their own before reading instruction even begins at school.