Phonics Instruction: Systematic Instruction
By far, the best way to teach phonics is systematically. This means moving children through a planned sequence of skills rather than teaching particular aspects of phonics as they are encountered in texts.
Teach the sounds of letters that can be used to build many words (e.g., m, s, a, t). Introduce lower case letters first unless upper case letters are similar in configuration (e.g., Similar: S, s, U, u, W, w; Dissimilar: R, r, T, t, F, f).
It’s a reading and spelling tool for teaching the basic relationship between letters and the sounds they make. Linking sounds with letters of the alphabet is called phonics. There may be only 26 letters in the alphabet, but those 26 letters actually make over 40 different individual units of sounds.
Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch. Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out.
The digraph can be made up of vowels or consonants. A trigraph is a single sound that is represented by three letters. Consonant digraphs are taught in Reception.
By age 2: Kids start recognizing some letters and can sing or say aloud the “ABC” song. By age 3: Kids may recognize about half the letters in the alphabet and start to connect letters to their sounds. (Like s makes the /s/ sound.) By age 4: Kids often know all the letters of the alphabet and their correct order.
Hooked on Phonics is a powerful program for children approximately ages 3-8; from those who are just starting to learn letter names and letter sounds (approximately Pre-K or age three), to children who are struggling (or need a little boost) to master reading skills all the way through early 2nd grade.
Research shows that children are ready to start phonics programmes when they have learned to identify all the letters of the alphabet – which is usually somewhere between three and four years of age.
The order of teaching these phonemes can vary between schools and teaching schemes, but the most common phonemes are usually taught first – such as /t/, /a/, /s/, /n/, /p/ and /i/. Try our ‘s’ lesson pack, to see a range of wonderful Level 2 activities, including a PowerPoint and some games!
Example Of Letters and Sounds Phase 5 Phonics Sounds
Officially named the Phonics Screening Check, the year 1 phonics test occurs in the month of June when all year 1 pupils, and some year 2 pupils, will take a test to assess their phonics abilities. The test is designed to see if pupils have learnt phonic decoding and blending skills to an appropriate standard.
When teaching phonics to your class, focus on the phonic sounds, instead of the letter names, as you are working on phonemic awareness activities. Then move into visual recognition of the phonic sounds as you incorporate them into reading activities. The more senses involved, the more likely the child is to learn them.
However, many children learn the phonemes in roughly the following order: letter sounds, short vowels, consonant digraphs, consonant blends, silent e, long vowels, r-controlled, inflectional endings, other vowel digraphs.