Thrust and Lift
The initial thrust comes from the muscles of the “pilot” as the paper airplane is launched. After this, paper airplanes are really gliders, converting altitude to forward motion. Lift comes when the air below the airplane wing is pushing up harder than the air above it is pushing down.
We recommend to use 80 to 100 GSM. Paper weight is measured by GSM (Grams per Square Meter) meaning if you take a square sheet of paper, with a length and width of one meter, this is its weight. Normal printing paper is 80-90 GSM, so a single sheet (from both formats of paper size) weights around 5 grams.
In 2012, Collins set the world record for the farthest flight by a paper aircraft. Thrown by football player Joe Ayoob, the glider, named “Suzanne,” after Collins’ wife, flew 226 feet, 10 inches (69.14 meters) before gracefully making its way into history.
In the same way a rock that is thrown pushes its way through the air as compared to a cotton ball, a paper airplane with more mass flies faster and farther than a paper plane with less mass, up to a point. If the mass is too great, the wings can’t hold the plane in the air.
The size and shape of its wings, particularly the main wing, affects its performance. A lightweight plane with large wings glides well but travels slowly, while heavier planes with smaller wings travel more quickly and cover larger distances.
Gravity helps create lift for paper airplanes. Gravity is the force that pulls objects toward the Earth. … When paper airplanes are thrown up, gravity pulls them down. This movement causes a difference of air pressure on the airplane wings, which then causes lift.
The result of the test showed three of the papers, the Construction paper went the outermost distance, followed by Cardstock paper then Copy paper. In conclusion, changing the type of paper did, in fact, affect how far a paper airplane flew.
If you fly a paper airplane made of card stock then it will fly further then a paper plane made of printer paper because card stock is sturdier.
The air around you is one thing that helps a paper airplane fly. … The aerodynamics of a paper airplane will determine the distance and ease at which it flies. The aerodynamics of the plane will need to have little drag and be light enough to defy gravity. Paper airplanes also use the forces of lift and thrust.
A plane must be built so that lift and thrust are stronger than the pull of gravity and drag by just the right amount. Lift from the wings is used to overcome the force of gravity. Shape is important in overcoming drag. For example, the nose of a plane is rounded so it can push through the air more easily.
The larger the paper airplane the more it will weigh, the more it weighs the more lift will be needed to keep it flying. Eventually weight will become greater than lift and the paper airplane will descend to the ground. In addition the larger the paper airplane the larger its wings can be.
Higher Weight = Higher AOA
When weight is increased on an aircraft, it needs to fly at a higher angle-of-attack to produce more lift, opposing the aircraft’s increase in weight. This increases both the induced drag created by the wings and the overall parasite drag on the aircraft.
All of these forces (thrust, lift, drag and gravity) affect how well a given paper plane’s flight will go.
Yes, the more air that can get under the wings the longer the airplane will stay airborne increasing the chances it will fly farther.
Gravity is the force pulling the plane down. When the gravity is stronger than the lift, the plane goes down. Helicopters are really airplanes with moving wings called rotors, which replace the fixed wings and propellers used on an airplane.