You can find published primary sources by using the online catalog, or by searching in a digital collection of historical documents, such as the Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History, Chronicling America, and Empire Online. The History Library maintains a list of these collections on its website.
Published materials can be viewed as primary resources if they come from the time period that is being discussed, and were written or produced by someone with firsthand experience of the event. Often primary sources reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer.
Examples of primary sources:
Theses, dissertations, scholarly journal articles (research based), some government reports, symposia and conference proceedings, original artwork, poems, photographs, speeches, letters, memos, personal narratives, diaries, interviews, autobiographies, and correspondence.
The best way to find primary sources in the library catalog is with subject headings. You may have to try several searches, but one strategy is to combine a keyword for your topic with a subject heading for a material type (see list at right).
To search for primary research articles go to the PubMed home page. Click on Clinical Queries – the 4th option in the PubMed Tools (the middle of 3 columns). Enter your search terms and click on the search box.
Google / Google Scholar / Google Books: search for the topic plus the words “primary source.” Or search for the topic plus a word that indicates a primary source, such as diary, interview, correspondence, etc.
Using Mayo Clinic as a primary source, Google provides information about symptoms and treatments, whether or not it’s critical, or contagious, what ages it typically affects, and more.
For example, an autobiography is a primary source while a biography is a secondary source. Typical secondary sources include: Scholarly Journal Articles. Use these and books exclusively for writing Literature Reviews.
Primary sources may include but are not limited to: letters, manuscripts, diaries, journals, newspapers, maps, speeches, interviews, documents produced by government agencies, photographs, audio or video recordings, born-digital items (e.g. emails), research data, and objects or artifacts (such as works of art or …
Maps as Primary Sources
Maps can be useful as primary sources because they provide insight into a place at a particular time, and they demonstrate how places and the understanding of places can change over time. Maps can also reveal interesting information about the culture and society in which they were produced.
A primary research article reports on an empirical research study conducted by the authors. It is almost always published in a peer-reviewed journal. This type of article: Asks a research question or states a hypothesis or hypotheses. … Describes a specific research method.
Primary sources contain original information UNFILTERED by analysis or interpretation. 1. Artifacts: Tools, fossils, period clothing, animal/specimens, machines, etc. 2.
Simply put, secondary sources build upon primary sources through analysis and interpretation. Here are a few examples of secondary sources: An editorial column or blog post. … Commentary via podcast, vlog, blog post or other digital media.
Primary sources can include: Texts of laws and other original documents. Newspaper reports, by reporters who witnessed an event or who quote people who did. Speeches, diaries, letters and interviews – what the people involved said or wrote.
Letters, diaries, minutes, photographs, artifacts, interviews, and sound or video recordings are examples of primary sources created as a time or event is occurring.
Primary sources include:
Original research – results of experiments, interviews, questionnaires, studies, surveys, archaeological digs. Personal works – diaries, identification papers, journals, letters, memoirs and autobiographies (not biographies), speeches, theses (reporting original research)
Wikipedia as a source
Wikipedia, as an encyclopedia, is a tertiary source. However, Wikipedia and sources that mirror or source information from Wikipedia may not be used as secondary or tertiary sources. Wikipedia articles are sometimes used as primary sources in articles about Wikipedia.
Personal texts–diaries, memoirs, letters, autobiographies, and papers–usually make excellent primary sources because they were written by a historical person you’re studying. … For example, searching for “World War II ” and diaries will locate diaries written during World War II. Search for key people as authors.
Sources of secondary data
Secondary data can be obtained from different sources: information collected through censuses or government departments like housing, social security, electoral statistics, tax records. internet searches or libraries. GPS, remote sensing.