To disqualify a judge, it is sufficient for a party or attorney to simply allege that the judge is prejudiced. However, one’s ability to exercise a peremptory challenge is not unlimited. It is important to note that each party is afforded just one peremptory challenge.May 1, 2020
The fact that the judge has had communication with a party, a witness or a legal representative, at or about the time of the hearing, in the absence of, and without the consent or approval of the other party, can also lead to disqualification: Re JRL Ex p CJL, above.
Federal Judges. Article III of the Constitution governs the appointment, tenure, and payment of Supreme Court justices, and federal circuit and district judges. … Article III judges can be removed from office only through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction by the Senate.
Actions that can be classified as judicial misconduct include: conduct prejudicial to the effective and expeditious administration of the business of the courts (as an extreme example: “falsification of facts” at summary judgment); using the judge’s office to obtain special treatment for friends or relatives; accepting …
Generally, a judge must recuse himself if he has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party to the lawsuit or has personal knowledge of the facts that are disputed in the proceeding.
Judges in the United States are immune from suit for any “judicial act” that they perform. This immunity applies even when the judge acts maliciously or corruptly.
Grounds of Removal
For the removal of a Supreme Court or High Court judge there are two grounds i.e. incapacity or misbehaviour.
In civil cases, judges would resolve business disputes, and determine personal responsibility for accidents, without explanation. In criminal cases judges would make important rulings regarding a defendant’s constitutional rights without stating a basis for the decision.
Judges, through the rules of precedent, merely discover and declare the existing law and never make ‘new’ law. A judge makes a decision, ‘not according to his own private judgment, but according to the known laws and customs of the land; not delegated to pronounce a new law, but to maintain and expound the old one’.
If your complaint is against a federal circuit judge, federal district judge, federal bankruptcy judge, or federal magistrate judge, you must file the complaint at the clerk’s office of the United States court of appeals for the regional circuit in which the judge serves.
File a Grievance if the Judge Behaves Unethically
Judges who behave rudely or who tilt decisions based on their personal interests or biases may be subject to professional discipline. A party may file a formal grievance against state or federal judges.
“(a) A judge shall be disqualified if any one or more of the following are true: (1) (A) The judge has personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceeding…. … (3) (A) The judge has a financial interest in the subject matter in a proceeding or in a party to the proceeding…”
Newly appointed judge may change status of professional association under which judge practiced law to another legal entity in order to continue owning a building that housed the judge’s law practice.
Some of the most common examples of a conflict of interest that would lead an assigned judge to recuse themselves voluntarily include situations in which: They have a familial relationship to one of the attorneys involved in the case. They have a possible financial interest in the result of the case.
Currently, four penalties may be imposed: private censure, public censure, request that the judge voluntarily resign and recommend impeachment to the House of Representatives.
“You’re wrong (or words to that effect)” Never, ever tell a judge that he or she is wrong or mistaken. Instead, respectfully tell the judge WHY he or she may be wrong or mistaken.
For an appeal to succeed a party must convince the Court that the Judge that heard the original case made an error of law and that the error was of such significance that the decision should be overturned.
The answer is yes he could. It doesn’t mean it’s the right decision, but since the Judge controls everything that happens in the courtroom, he controls what comes into evidence. If the judge makes the wrong decision and I ultimately lose the case, I can appeal on that precise issue.
Impeachment of the Chief Justice of India/Judges
Article 124(4) of the Constitution of India lays down the procedure for impeachment of judges. A Judge of the Supreme Court must be removed from his office by order of the President. Such an order needs the approval of both the Houses of Parliament.
Fundamental rights can be amended by the Parliament by a constitutional amendment but only if the amendment does not alter the basic structure of the Constitution. Fundamental rights can be suspended during a national emergency. But, the rights guaranteed under Articles 20 and 21 cannot be suspended.
What are the core factors that determine how judges decide in court cases? Legal, Personal, ideological and political influences.
Trials in criminal and civil cases are generally conducted the same way. After all the evidence has been presented and the judge has explained the law related to the case to a jury, the jurors decide the facts in the case and render a verdict. If there is no jury, the judge makes a decision on the case.
Normally in very hard cases the judges mention that the law has been created or changed, but the law cannot be reformulated according to the wish of the court. … So the judges do make laws but almost heresy to say so. Hence, judges have been upholding, declaring and making law.
What are the two ways that judges can make policy? In common or judge-made law: legal precedents derived from previous judigical decisions. As well as statutory construction, determines how a statute should be applied. List the different areas over which the U.S. district courts have authority.
Law is now clearly separated from religion. This is analogous to the Roman law or to the positivist jurisprudence in the 19th century of Bentham and Austin.
Each U.S. state has an oversight agency that investigates misconduct complaints against judges. … Rather, they can investigate complaints about the behavior of judges and pursue discipline ranging from reprimand to removal.
While judges do not have to obtain a separate license, in most cases, they must be practicing lawyers, which means they are currently licensed by their state to practice law.
Finally, lawyers should pursue judgeships for the right reasons – because of a desire to uphold due process and make fair decisions that have a direct impact on all who come into the courtroom.
 Even where there is no direct adverseness, a conflict of interest exists if there is a significant risk that a lawyer’s ability to consider, recommend or carry out an appropriate course of action for the client will be materially limited as a result of the lawyer’s other responsibilities or interests.