Data may be grouped into four main types based on methods for collection: observational, experimental, simulation, and derived.
Conducting research is an inquiry-based process that involves identifying a question, gathering information, analyzing and evaluating evidence, drawing conclusions, and sharing the knowledge gained. The ability to conduct research is a critical skill students need to be college and career ready.
Why conduct research? To understand a phenomenon, situation, or behavior under study. To test existing theories and to develop new theories on the basis of existing ones. … Research-related activities contribute to forming (making) new knowledge and expand the existing knowledge base.
Basic research is a type of research approach that is aimed at gaining a better understanding of a subject, phenomenon or basic law of nature. This type of research is primarily focused on the advancement of knowledge rather than solving a specific problem.
Without doubt, defining the problem is the most important step in the research process. Defining the problem sets the foundation for the entire project, so it is critically important to take the time to do this well.
Selection of research problem depends on several factors such as researcher’s knowledge, skills, interest, expertise, motivation & creativity with respect to the subject of inquiry. It is believed that most of the good research studies need lots of time for selection of a research problem.
There are two main categories of research methods: qualitative research methods and quantitative research methods. Quantitative research methods involve using numbers to measure data. Researchers can use statistical analysis to find connections and meaning in the data.