There are four types of courts in India, i.e., Supreme Court, High Court, District Court, and subordinate courts. The seat of the Supreme court is in New Delhi.
The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.
The United States has 94 judicial circuits, above which there are 12 regional Courts of Appeals: District of Columbia Circuit, for Washington, D.C.; First Circuit, for Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Puerto Rico; Second Circuit, for Vermont, Connecticut, and New York; Third Circuit, for New …
California has 2 types of state courts, trial courts (also called “superior courts”) and appellate courts, made up of the Courts of Appeal and the California Supreme Court.
|Supreme Court of the United States|
|Number of positions||9 (by statute)|
|Chief Justice of the United States|
The party who appeals a lower court’s decision in a higher court. The appellant seeks reversal or modification of the decision. By contrast, the appellee is the party against whom the appeal is filed. … P becomes the appellant and D is the appellee.
A divisional court, in relation to the High Court of Justice of England and Wales, means a court sitting with at least two judges. … The best known divisional court is that of the Administrative Court, which is a specialist court in the Queen’s Bench Division which deals with criminal and judicial review cases.
Superior Court Judges – Judges who preside over trial courts of general jurisdiction. State Appellate Court Judges – Appellate judges who hear appeals from trial courts within its geographic jurisdiction. State Supreme Court Justices – Appellate judges (Justices) sitting in the highest appellate court in the state.
> It refers to civil courts as opposed to military courts. > Military courts cannot try and exercise jurisdiction over civilians for offenses allegedly committed by them as long as civil courts are open and functioning.
|United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit|
|Location||E. Barrett Prettyman U.S. Courthouse (Washington, D.C.)|
|Appeals from||District of Columbia|
|Established||February 9, 1893|
The word certiorari comes from Law Latin and means “to be more fully informed.” A writ of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court may review it. … The writ of certiorari is a common law writ, which may be abrogated or controlled entirely by statute or court rules.
In New South Wales it is called the Local Court (previously called Courts of Petty Sessions), and is established under the Local Court Act 2007. In other states and territories the lower court is called the Magistrates Court.
The Constitution also allocates authority between the Supreme Court and other courts, as Article III describes the Supreme Court as having “original” jurisdiction over certain kinds of cases—which means that cases can start (originate) at the Supreme Court—and appellate jurisdiction over others.
The Supreme Court has had nine justices since 1869, but that wasn’t always the case. In fact, the number of justices in the court fluctuated fairly often between its inception and 1869. Of course, the story of the court dates back to 1787 and the founding of the U.S. government system as we know it today.
|Supreme Court of India|
|Number of positions||34 (33+1; present strength)|
|Chief Justice of India|
|Currently||N. V. Ramana|
The party against whom an appeal is filed. The appellee usually seeks affirmance of the lower court’s decision. By contrast, the appellant is the party who filed the appeal.
“Petitioner” refers to the party who petitioned the Supreme Court to review the case. This party is variously known as the petitioner or the appellant. “Respondent” refers to the party being sued or tried and is also known as the appellee.
“People’s Advocate“) is a special appellate collegial court in the Philippines that has jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases involving graft and corrupt practices and other offenses committed by public officers and employees, including those in government-owned or government-controlled corporations.
There work of the Supreme Court is divided between two Divisions: the Common Law Division and the Equity Division.
The overwhelming majority of cases that the Supreme Court does hear in its original jurisdiction are equitable in nature and therefore do not require a jury. Instead, the Court delegates any fact-finding to a special master.
Unlimited jurisdiction means small claims appeals and all cases not within the meaning of CCP § 86.
District judges are full-time judges who deal with the majority of cases in the county courts. They are assigned on appointment to a particular circuit and may sit at any of the county courts or district registries of the High Court on that circuit.
|Judge||Jeffrey R. Howard|
|Term of service||Chief||2015–present|
|Appointed by||G.W. Bush|
Civil Judge (Junior Division) decides civil cases of small pecuniary stake. Judicial Magistrates decide criminal cases, which are punishable with imprisonment of up to three years.