|% private 2019||8.1|
|% change 2000-201||33%|
|% private 2019||8.1|
|% change 2000-201||33%|
Statistics from the U.S. Department of Justice show that, as of 2019, there were 116,000 state and federal prisoners housed in privately owned prisons in the U.S., constituting 8.1% of the overall U.S. prison population.
In the United States, there are now over 100 private prisons in 31 states and the federal system, in the UK there are 11 private prisons, and in Australia there are seven.
|Imprisonment Rate (per 100K)||423|
|Total Prison Population||3,797|
A private prison can offer their services to the government and charge $150 per day per inmate. Generally speaking, the government will agree to these terms if the $150 is less than if the prison was publicly run. That difference is where the private prison makes its money.
Due to President Reagan’s ‘War on Drug’ policies, the public prison system was overwhelmed with inmates. To lessen the burden on state prisons which were overcrowded, private prisons were created. In 1983 the Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) stepped onto the scene as the very first private corrections company.
Of the 1.6 million people in prison in the USA, 8% are housed in privately operated prisons. The other 92% do their time in public prisons.
The study found that private prisons lead to an average increase of 178 new prisoners per million population per year. At an average cost of $60 per day per prisoner, that costs states between $1.9 to $10.6 million per year, if all those additional prisoners are in private prisons.
Privately operated facilities have a significantly lower staffing level than publicly operated prisons and lack MIS support. They also report a significantly higher rate of assaults on staff and inmates.
According to the study, it costs a private prison about $45,000 a year to house a prisoner, compared to the general cost of about $50,000 annually per inmate in a public prison, resulting in roughly $5,000 in savings per year.
|Characteristic||Number of prisoners|
At year-end 2019, an estimated 1,430,800 prisoners were under state or federal jurisdiction, a decrease of 2% from the 1,464,400 prisoners in 2018 and 11% from the peak of 1,615,500 prisoners in 2009 (table 1).
Public prisons, or state-operated institutions, are entirely owned and run by the government and are mainly funded through tax dollars. Federal prisons outsource a lot of their spending to other companies. For example, private companies are often hired to run food services and maintenance.
According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, federal inmates earn 12 cents to 40 cents per hour for jobs serving the prison, and 23 cents to $1.15 per hour in Federal Prison Industries factories. … As such, the time has come to institute a living wage for prison labor.
The answer is yes — and it’s a lot of money. A report from the Daily Beast released Thursday claims that in the 2018 fiscal year, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) spent over $800 million of taxpayer money on privately owned or operated detention facilities.
The Justice Department concluded in a review that private prisons were more dangerous and less effective at reforming inmates than facilities run by the government, leading to policy changes under the Obama Administration to phase out private contracts.
Average Wages for Inmates
Typically, wages range from 14 cents to $2.00/hour for prison maintenance labor, depending on the state where the inmate is incarcerated. The national average hovers around 63 cents per hour for this type of labor. In some states, prisoners work for free.
The bulk of studies (except those paid for by the industry itself) conclude that private prisons are less safe, cost as much or more than public prisons, increase the amount of time prisoners spend incarcerated and do not reduce recidivism. Likewise, government supervision and accountability is greatly diminished.
Four contract facilities are privately operated; three are publicly operated by the cities of Delano, Shafter, and Taft; one is privately owned but operated by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
They point to research cited in a 2016 U.S. Justice Department Office of Inspector General report that found private prisons spend less on personnel, and are less safe, than public institutions. …
In 2018, the Bureau of Prisons reported that the average cost for a federal inmate was $36,299.25 per year, or $99.45 per day. As of July 9, there are 159,692 federal inmates in total, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons. That makes for a total annual expense of nearly $5.8 billion per year.
Many taxpayers may not just be shocked to know their money goes to the prison system but also how much of their money goes to the prisons. Statistically, many states spend more on the prison system today than they spend on education. … It is estimated that around $80 billion goes towards the prison system each year.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons incarcerates 153,248 federal prisoners across 37 states.