The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. More than two hundred people were accused. Thirty were found guilty, nineteen of whom were executed by hanging (fourteen women and five men).
Salem Memorializes Those Killed During Witch Trials : The Two-Way The memorial stands at the site where 19 innocent women and men were hanged. It opened on the 325th anniversary of the first mass execution of five women.
The afflicted girls soon accused three women: the Parris’ “Indian” slave, Tituba; a local beggar woman, Sarah Good; and an invalid widow, Sarah Osbourne. As local magistrates began questioning the accused, people packed into a tavern to witness the girls come face to face with the women they had accused of witchcraft.
The first three to be accused of witchcraft were Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn.
|Other names||Dorcas Good|
|Known for||Youngest accused of witchcraft in the Salem witch trials|
|Parent(s)||William Good (father) Sarah Good (mother)|
|The pressing of Giles Corey|
|Born||c. August 1611 Northampton, England|
|Died||September 19, 1692 (aged 81) Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay|
|Cause of death||Pressed to Death|
A total of 24 innocent people died for their alleged participation in dark magic. Two dogs were even executed due to suspicions of their involvement in witchcraft.
She was accused of witchcraft because the Puritans believed that Osborne had her own self-interests in mind following her remarriage to an indentured servant. The citizens of the town disapproved of her trying to control her son’s inheritance from her previous marriage.
The Salem Witch trials were caused by jealousy, fear, and lying. People believed that the devil was real and that one of his tricks was to enter a normal person ‘s body and turn that person into a witch. This caused many deaths and became a serious problem in 1692.
In June 1692, the special Court of Oyer and Terminer [“to hear and to decide”] convened in Salem under Chief Justice William Stoughton to judge the accused. The first to be tried was Bridget Bishop of Salem, who was accused of witchcraft by more individuals than any other defendant.
Corey was pressed to death by Captain John Gardner of Nantucket in an empty field on Howard Street, which was next to the jail in Salem Village, between September 17 and 19, 1692 (Brown 1985, p. 290). Peine forte et dure was abolished in England in 1772, during the reign of King George III (12 Geo. 3, c.
39 years (1653–1692)
While standing on a ladder before the crowd, waiting to be hanged, he successfully recited the Lord’s Prayer, something that was generally considered by the Court of Oyer and Terminer to be impossible for a witch to do.
“About noon, at Salem, Giles Corey was pressed to death for standing mute,’ wrote Samuel Sewall on 19 September 1692. Corey had pleaded not guilty to the charge of witchcraft, but he refused to agree that the court (which had found all the defendants tried to date guilty) had a right to try him.
convicted persons were hanged, including Martha Corey, whose octogenarian husband, Giles, upon being accused of witchcraft and refusing to enter a plea, had been subjected to peine forte et dure (“strong and hard punishment”) and pressed beneath heavy stones for two days until he died.
Danforth and the court torture Giles. … Giles, being such a simple man, in the end outsmarted Putnam in the end. He proved that land is important and was willing to die to keep his land out of the hands of a man like Putnam. His death made sure that his children would rightfully be landowners now.
Luckily, no cats were recorded as being harmed during the Salem Witch Trials, though two dogs were executed as familiars.
Bridget Bishop ( c. 1632 – 10 June 1692) was the first person executed for witchcraft during the Salem witch trials in 1692. Nineteen were hanged, and one, Giles Corey, was pressed to death.
Religion was the striving force that influenced the Salem Witch Trials. Everything that happened in the town of Salem was connected to the idea that individuals had made some type of deal with the Devil. A majority of the time the trails focused on women as they were viewed inferior to men and envious of them.
In 1976 Linnda Caporael offered the first evidence that the Salem witch trials followed an outbreak of rye ergot. Ergot is a fungus blight that forms hallucinogenic drugs in bread. Its victims can appear bewitched when they’re actually stoned. Ergot thrives in a cold winter followed by a wet spring.
The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft.
The peak years of witch-hunts in southwest Germany were from 1561 to 1670. The first major persecution in Europe, when witches were caught, tried, convicted, and burned in the imperial lordship of Wiesensteig in southwestern Germany, is recorded in 1563 in a pamphlet called “True and Horrifying Deeds of 63 Witches”.
On March 1, 1692, Salem, Massachusetts authorities interrogated Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and an Indian slave, Tituba, to determine if they indeed practiced witchcraft. So began the infamous Salem Witch Trials of 1692 .
Giles was pressed to death with heavy stones since he refused to plead guilty or innocent to the charges of witchcraft. John begs her to tell him whether or not he should confess.
In the literature about Giles Corey’s tortuous death, there is reference to his famous last words, “more weight.” These words were uttered as a final attempt to expedite his death while also showing that not even imminent death could convince him to go to trial.
July 19], 1692, Sarah Good was hanged along with four other women convicted of witchcraft. While the other four quietly awaited execution, Good firmly proclaimed her innocence. The Rev. Nicholas Noyes was persistent, but unsuccessful, in his attempts to force Good to confess.
Sarah eventually confesses to witchcraft to save herself from being executed. This was the only way for anyone to save themselves. They had to admit to something they didn’t do. People knew that Sarah was not a witch, but they knew she was trying to save her life.
|Born||October 18, 1679 Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony|
|Died||1716 (aged 36–37) Massachusetts Bay Colony|
|Known for||Accuser in the Salem witch trials|
|Parent(s)||Thomas Putnam (father) Ann (née Carr) Putnam (mother)|