The Supreme Court consists of nine justices: the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices. The justices are nominated by the president and confirmed with the “advice and consent” of the United States Senate per Article II of the United States Constitution.
The Constitution places the power to determine the number of Justices in the hands of Congress. The first Judiciary Act, passed in 1789, set the number of Justices at six, one Chief Justice and five Associates. … A quorum of six Justices is required to decide a case.
The Supreme Court has had nine justices since 1869, but that wasn’t always the case. In fact, the number of justices in the court fluctuated fairly often between its inception and 1869. Of course, the story of the court dates back to 1787 and the founding of the U.S. government system as we know it today.
The religious composition of the court
And of the 114 justices who have been appointed to the court, 91 have been from various Protestant denominations, 13 have been Catholics and eight have been Jewish.
|Barrett, Amy Coney||Ginsburg||Sep 29, 2020|
|Kavanaugh, Brett||Kennedy||Jul 10, 2018|
|Gorsuch, Neil M.||Scalia||Feb 1, 2017|
|President Obama, Barack|
|Year||Chief Justice||Associate Justices|
The Act fixes the maximum number of judges in the Supreme Court at 30 judges (excluding the Chief Justice of India).
Nine new judges, including three women, were on Tuesday administered oath of office as judges of the Supreme Court, taking its strength to 33.
To insulate the federal judiciary from political influence, the Constitution specifies that Supreme Court Justices “shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour.” While the Constitution does not define “good Behaviour,” the prevailing interpretation is that Congress cannot remove Supreme Court Justices from office …
George Washington holds the record for most Supreme Court nominations, with 14 nominations (12 of which were confirmed). Making the second-most nominations were Franklin D.
|Name of Justice||Prior Occupations|
|1. William Rehnquist||Asst. U.S. Attorney General|
|2. Lewis Powell||President of the American Bar Ass’n, Private Practice|
|3. Abe Fortas||Private Practice|
|4. Byron White||Deputy U.S. Attorney General|
Justice Barrett is the youngest person and only the fifth woman to serve on the nation’s highest court. The mother of seven children, aged 8 to 19, is also the first female Supreme Court Justice with school-aged children. During her October 26, 2020, ceremonial constitutional oath ceremony at the White House, Ms.
The United States has been called a Protestant nation by a variety of sources. In 2019, Christians represent 65% of the total adult population, 43% identifying as Protestants, 20% as Catholics, and 2% as Mormons. People with no formal religious identity form 26% of the total population.
Chief Justice John Roberts and Justices Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor, Clarence Thomas and Brett Kavanaugh are Catholic.
Since the formation of the Court in 1790, there have been only 17 Chief Justices* and 103 Associate Justices, with Justices serving for an average of 16 years.
(b) Any justice of the Supreme Court or judge of the Court of Appeals who has attained the age of 65 years, and who has served as justice or judge, or both, in the Appellate Division for 12 consecutive years may retire and receive for life compensation equal to two thirds of the total annual compensation, including …
Justices are protected by the Supreme Court Police Department while they’re in Washington. When they leave the capital, they can either accept or decline protection by the U.S. Marshals Service. “The justices really like their anonymity. … And so it’s important that any nominee have appropriate protection,” Jaffer says.
At present, the retirement age is 65 years for Supreme Court judges and 62 years for high court judges.
|Counselor to the Chief Justice||Jeffrey P. Minear|
|Public Information Officer||Patricia McCabe|
In August 2021, the President signed the warrant of appointments of 9 judges, including 3 women, to the Supreme Court, taking the total number of judges to 33, the most since India’s independence, against the sanctioned strength of 34.
The present 34-member Supreme Court has four women – the most ever.
The lifetime appointment is designed to ensure that the justices are insulated from political pressure and that the court can serve as a truly independent branch of government. Justices can’t be fired if they make unpopular decisions, in theory allowing them to focus on the law rather than politics.
The primary goal of life tenure is to insulate the officeholder from external pressures. … United States federal judges have life tenure once appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. In some cases, life tenure lasts only until a mandatory retirement age.
Believe it or not, the U.S. Constitution sets forth no specific requirements about who can become a federal judge. Federal judges include Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges. These are all nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate.
Elena Kagan (/ˈkeɪɡən/; born April 28, 1960) is an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. … After graduating from Princeton University, the University of Oxford, and Harvard Law School, she clerked for a federal Court of Appeals judge and for Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall.
|Supreme Court of the United States|
|Number of positions||9 (by statute)|
|Chief Justice of the United States|