Physics can come in handy when designing the craft, as various forces can easily affect the distance and length of the flight. The current Guinness Book of World Record for the furthest paper aircraft flight is 69.14 meters.
The wide planes traveled an average distance of 30 feet 2 inches. The long narrow planes traveled an average of 21 feet and 3 inches. The wide planes traveled an average of 9 feet 1 inch farther than the long narrow planes. We determined that wide airplane designs fly farther than long narrow designs.
The aerodynamics of the plane will need to have little drag and be light enough to defy gravity. Paper airplanes also use the forces of lift and thrust. When these four forces are used in balance, paper airplanes will fly longer.
In the same way a rock that is thrown pushes its way through the air as compared to a cotton ball, a paper airplane with more mass flies faster and farther than a paper plane with less mass, up to a point. If the mass is too great, the wings can’t hold the plane in the air.
Thrust is the forward movement of the plane. … After this, paper airplanes are really gliders, converting altitude to forward motion. Lift comes when the air below the airplane wing is pushing up harder than the air above it is pushing down. It is this difference in pressure that enables the plane to fly.
The aerodynamics of a paper airplane will determine the distance and ease at which it flies. The aerodynamics of the plane will need to have little drag and be light enough to defy gravity. … When these four forces are used in balance, paper airplanes will fly longer.
A paper plane with small wings travels quickly. … The size and shape of its wings, particularly the main wing, affects its performance. A lightweight plane with large wings glides well but travels slowly, while heavier planes with smaller wings travel more quickly and cover larger distances.
The larger the paper airplane the more it will weigh, the more it weighs the more lift will be needed to keep it flying. Eventually weight will become greater than lift and the paper airplane will descend to the ground. In addition the larger the paper airplane the larger its wings can be.
If you crumble the paper into a “paper wad”, however, its motion is approximately free fall. … it falls for a relatively short time. … After you have jumped out of an airplane and fallen for several seconds, you are not in free fall, since air resistance is now a factor in your motion.)
Among the most sensational is that the size of the flock has a significant impact on how fast the birds can fly. The larger the flock, the higher the speed. … The result is clear: bigger flocks travel faster, no matter what species they belong to.
Each wing was tested 20 times. It was concluded that Airfoil Three generated the most lift, with an average 72 grams of lift. Airfoil One generated the second most lift with an average of 35 grams.
There are four main load sources acting on an aeroplane – aerodynamic forces, inertia, ground reactions and thrust.
They push a plane up, down, forward, or slow it down. Thrust is a force that moves an aircraft in the direction of the motion. … Lift is the force that holds an airplane in the air. The wings create most of the lift used by airplanes.
When you throw a paper plane in the air, you are giving the plane a push to move forward. That push is a type of force called thrust. While the plane is flying forward, air moving over and under the wings is providing an upward lift force on the plane.
Bald eagles, for example, can reach heights of 10,000 feet, while other endangered birds like the Ruppell’s griffon vulture can fly at 37,000 feet.
1) Ground Loads : Encountered by the aircraft during movement on the ground; ie: taxying, landing, towing, etc. 2) Air Loads : Loads exerted onto the structure during flight by the manoeuvres. carried out by the aircraft or by wind gusts (such as wind shear).
Maneuvering Loads and the V-n Diagram
The positive-g, maximum lift line indicates how aggressively, at any airspeed, we can apply aft pressure to pitch an aircraft to change its flight path without stalling the wings or doing damage through excessive loads.
Yes, the more air that can get under the wings the longer the airplane will stay airborne increasing the chances it will fly farther.
A plane flies through the air by continually pushing and pulling the surrounding air downward. In response to the force of moving the air down, the air pushes the airplane upward. … The faster an airplane travels the more lift is generated. Inclining the wing to the wind also produces more deflection and more lift.
Planes do not actually defy gravity, though. Instead, the tilt and area of a plane’s wings manipulate the air particles around the plane, creating a strong enough lift that the force of gravity is overcome by the force of the air beneath the wings.
For an airplane, weight is always directed towards the center of the earth. … In flight, the airplane rotates about the center of gravity, but the direction of the weight force always remains toward the center of the earth. During a flight the aircraft burns up its fuel, so the weight of the airplane constantly changes.