The panel found that specific instruction in the major parts of reading (
The panel found that specific instruction in the major parts of reading (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension) is the best approach to teaching most children to read. Instruction should also be systematic (well-planned and consistent) and clear.
There are three different styles of reading academic texts: skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading. Each is used for a specific purpose.
To improve students’ reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.
“The fact is that most kids can learn to read with little or no phonics,” Shanahan said. Indeed, many kids figure out how to read on their own before reading instruction even begins at school.
Children build their vocabularies by reading and talking, sharing ideas, discussing a question, listening to others talk, and exploring their interests. Using new words helps them fully understand the meaning of the words. Recognize their own spelling mistakes and ask for help to make corrections.
Reading activities are the perfect starting point to learn rich topic-related vocabulary (adjectives, nouns, verbs etc), pick up new grammar structures, steal ‘star phrases’ and ultimately improve comprehension and improve language acquisition skills.
It’s also possible to be able to read but not be able to write simply because they’re two different skills. They may be able to read at text but they may not be able to reproduce it or to put their own thoughts into text because they’re not familiar enough with the language’s alphabet, syntax, grammar, etc.
That’s why in my scheme teachers are always teaching words and word parts (decoding and meaning), fluency, comprehension, and writing—not sequentially but simultaneously. Kids who are learning to decode should also be learning the cadences of text and how to think about what they read. All at the same time.
Reading comprehension is understanding what a text is all about. It is more than just understanding words in isolation. It is putting them together and using prior knowledge to develop meaning. Reading comprehension is the most complex aspect of reading.
The most common reading comprehension assessment involves asking a child to read a passage of text that is leveled appropriately for the child, and then asking some explicit, detailed questions about the content of the text (often these are called IRIs).
Read aloud every single day, and make it an enjoyable experience. This is really the best thing you can do to help your 3‑ to 4‑year‑old learn to read. Life can get very busy, but if you can, try to read to your child for at least 15 minutes each day. Find ways to make this time a fun and relaxed bonding experience.