Due Process Disclosure Of What Type Of Evidence Must Be Determined And Made By The Prosecutor??

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Due Process Disclosure Of What Type Of Evidence Must Be Determined And Made By The Prosecutor??

Due process requires that disclosure of exculpatory and impeachment evidence material to guilt or innocence be made in sufficient time to permit the defendant to make effective use of that information at trial.

What type of evidence forms a substantive part of the case or has a legitimate and effective influence on the decision of the case quizlet?

forms a substantive part of the case or has a legitimate and effective influence on the decision of the case.

What type of evidence has been properly collected identified filed and continuously secured?

Competent Evidence: properly collected, identified, filed, and continuously secured.

Which is are some of the common problems with police reports?

Top challenges with police incident reporting
  • Time-consuming reporting demands limit officer visibility. …
  • Choosing between speed and accuracy. …
  • Outdated systems lead to officer safety issues and poor ergonomics. …
  • Siloed technology delays the sharing of mission-critical information.

When Should investigators take notes?

When taking notes the investigator should? learn to select key facts and record them in abbreviated form.

Which is a logical process of investigation?

A logical process of investigation includes: obtaining physical evidence legally, effectively interviewing witnesses, legally and effectively interrogating suspects, thoroughly developing leads, and recording all details. A fact is: ​an action, an event, a circumstance, or an actual thing done.

Which method is used to identify suspects?

The modus operandi, or method, used by a criminal to commit an offense sometimes helps to identify the suspect, as many offenders repeatedly commit offenses in similar ways.

What evidence can indicate whether a person is running lost or carrying something heavy quizlet?

in the examination of objects of physical evidence, class characteristics are important because they can: place an item into a specific category. What evidence can indicate whether a person is running, lost, or carrying something heavy? Shoeprints.

What is fundamental of criminal investigation?

Investigation – an inquiry, judicial or otherwise for the discovery and collection of facts concerning the matters involved. – it is the process of inquiring, eliciting, soliciting and getting vital information, facts, circumstances in order to establish the truth.

Which of the following is a characteristic of an effective interviewer or interrogator?

Which of the following is a characteristic of an effective interviewer or interrogator? Persuasiveness and perseverance are essential characteristics. The interviewer must be empathetic, sympathetic, objective, and be able to establish an immediate rapport with those from whom information is sought.

In which type of police report does an officer record the facts and investigate?

Type 3
Type 3 Records the facts, investigates, and takes action.

What are the characteristics of effective police report writing?

A good Police Administrative Report should have the following qualities ;
  • It must be complete.
  • Accurate – Accuracy is very important as such check time, names of persons and places.
  • Brief – brevity but not lengthy. Avoid superfluous.
  • Clear – Clarity is most important. …
  • Courteous – Polite in choice of wards.

What are the problems of law enforcement?

There are common problems that exist when attempting to enforce laws against crimes such as electronic crimes, hate crimes, hot pursuits, human trafficking, and use of force involving special populations.

What type of evidence should be photographed first?

Perhaps the most common form of evidence collected at crime scenes is fingerprints. Fingerprints should be photographed before they are collected on major cases or if the latent may be destroyed when lifting.

What should be photographed first answer choices?

The object should first be photographed as is, then photographed with the ruler. It is important that when doing one-to-one photography that the ruler is on the same plane as the object being photographed and the film plane is parallel to the ruler.

Which are written records of the facts of a case to be used in further investigation and in writing reports?

Investigative notes are a permanent written record of the facts of a case to be used in further investigation, in writing reports, and in prosecuting the case.

What type of evidence tends to show innocence of the accused the suspect and must be disclosed?

Exculpatory evidence is evidence favorable to the defendant in a criminal trial that exonerates or tends to exonerate the defendant of guilt.

What exactly is being determined in preliminary investigation?

Preliminary investigation defined; when required. — Preliminary investigation is an inquiry or proceeding to determine whether there is sufficient ground to engender a well-founded belief that a crime has been committed and the respondent is probably guilty thereof, and should be held for trial.

What is the process of an investigation?

The investigative process is a progression of activities or steps moving from evidence gathering tasks, to information analysis, to theory development and validation, to forming reasonable ground to believe, and finally to the arrest and charge of a suspect.

What are two methods of forensic science used to identify a suspect?

The two methods used by forensic scientists when examining physical evidence are identification and comparison. Identification is the process of determining a substance’s physical or chemical identity. Comparison is the process of ascertaining whether two or more objects have a common origin.

How do police investigators establish the identity of suspects?

Typically the identity of the culprit is developed in some other way and then physical evidence is used to help establish proof of guilt. Possible exceptions to this pattern are fingerprints (when analyzed through AFIS or Automated Fingerprint Identification System technology) and DNA banks.

What do you know about physical evidence?

Physical evidence consists of tangible objects, such as biological material, fibers and latent fingerprints. Physical evidence is any object that can connect a victim or suspect to a crime scene. Biological evidence, which contains DNA, is not always visible to the naked eye.

What are the basic requirements to obtain information?

Two basic requirements to obtain information are to listen and to observe.

What is used to determine if a bloodstain is human?

The standard test used to determine whether blood is of human or animal origin is the precipitin test. This test is based on the fact that when animals (usually rabbits) are injected with human blood, antibodies are formed that react with the invading human blood to neutralize its presence.

Can fingerprints be left on skin?

Having examined skin surfaces with a forensic light source, we observed that the fingerprint impressions remained visible up to 15 min after intentionally placing them on the skin surface of living subjects and dead bodies.

What is the process of criminal investigation?

Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.

What is criminal detection and investigation?

criminal investigation, ensemble of methods by which crimes are studied and criminals apprehended. … In most countries the detection of crime is the responsibility of the police, though special law enforcement… Information flows in more or less continuously from police informants and undercover agents.

What major factors must responding officers consider while proceeding to a crime scene?

The officer who is the first to arrive at a crime scene must appreciate the importance of preventing or controlling any changes in the crime scene. The two critical factors most likely to change the crime scene are people and the weather.

What type of evidence forms a substantive part of the case or has a legitimate and effective influence on the decision of the case quizlet?

forms a substantive part of the case or has a legitimate and effective influence on the decision of the case.

What type of evidence has been properly collected identified filed and continuously secured?

Competent Evidence: properly collected, identified, filed, and continuously secured.

Which of the following is a characteristic of an effective interviewer?

A good interviewer has a specific goal they want to achieve by asking every single question. They use questions to learn about candidates’ skills, their motivation and to assess their cultural fit. That way, they are able to choose the best person not only for the job, but also for the team and the company.

What are the different types of investigative reports?

Examples are a variety of investigative reports (e.g., crimes, accidents); security surveys; security system maintenance; alarm activations; visitor logs; crime prevention, fire protection and life safety plans; meetings; policies and procedures; and training.

What is a Type 2 police report?

You’ll write a Type 2 report any time you took action at the scene: Searching for the point of entry, or taking fingerprints, or doing a sobriety test—any action you used to gather information.

What are the elements of police report?

Good reports stay in sequence, beginning with the time, date, location and nature of the complaint. The narrative should lay out each event as it happened, the officer’s response and the outcome. Missing details or jumbled time sequences can jeopardize the credibility of a report and the officer who wrote it.

What are the criteria to be considered in report writing?

  • Know your purpose. This is the major aim: the reason you’re writing the report in the first place. …
  • Know your readers. Before you start writing your report, consider its audience. …
  • Know your objective. …
  • Choose an approach. …
  • Decide on structure. …
  • Use the right style. …
  • Consider layout. …
  • Leave time to refine.
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