By the end of kindergarten, your child will
Two percent of pupils (1in 50) begin kindergarten able to read simple sight words, and 1 percent are also able to read more complex words in sentences. These children already know how to read.
A kindergartner should be at a reading level between 1 and 6. Higher reading levels indicate that they’re near the top of the range, Lower or pre reading levels at this age should not be of major concern as there is both significant time and strategies available for them to improve these levels.
Age five is a key year for supporting your child’s reading skills. At this age, kids begin to identify letters, match letters to sounds and recognize the beginning and ending sounds of words. … Five-year-olds still enjoy being read to — and they may start telling their own stories, as well.
All about the alphabet
This year, your kindergartner will be expected to recognize all 26 lowercase and uppercase letters — as well as their sounds. They should be able to identify which letters are different in similar words (e.g. map, lap, tap). They should also know that spoken words represent a sequence of letters.
How do I find out about my child’s reading level? Reading level assessments are usually carried out in your child’s school. You can ask your child’s teacher what their reading level is and to recommend an appropriate reading list for them.
Kindergarteners are often enthusiastic writers and they will weave writing activities into their play. … Children at this age can read their own writing and should be encouraged to read aloud!
Count 10 or more objects. Correctly name at least four colors and three shapes. Recognize some letters and possibly write their name. Better understand the concept of time and the order of daily activities, like breakfast in the morning, lunch in the afternoon, and dinner at night.
Hyperlexia is when a child starts reading early and surprisingly beyond their expected ability. It’s often accompanied by an obsessive interest in letters and numbers, which develops as an infant. Hyperlexia is often, but not always, part of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
The most common indicator that a child will struggle with reading is whether they have a family history of reading or learning issues, or dyslexia, says Truch. “We do know from research in the last 20 years that there’s a heavy genetic component to reading difficulties,” he says.
Learning to read in school
Most children learn to read by 6 or 7 years of age. Some children learn at 4 or 5 years of age. Even if a child has a head start, she may not stay ahead once school starts. The other students most likely will catch up during the second or third grade.
A: Most children learn to recognize letters between ages 3 and 4. Typically, children will recognize the letters in their name first. By age 5, most kindergarteners begin to make sound-letter associations, such as knowing that “book” starts with the letter B.
By five years old, children will start to associate letters with their accompanying sounds, otherwise known as phonics. In other words, around the age of five, children should be able to reason that the word “book” starts with the letter B.
Five finger rule
Choose a book that you think you will enjoy. Read the second page. Hold up a finger for each word you are not sure of, or do not know. If there are five or more words you did not know, you should choose an easier book.
In a nutshell, leveled reading is a literacy strategy in which teachers pair children with books that best match their reading abilities. As children’s reading skills improve, teachers assign them more complex books.
A good goal, according to child literacy expert Timothy Shanahan, is that children should master 20 sight words by the end of Kindergarten and 100 sight words by the end of First Grade.
Kindergarten Sight Words List
—Write his/her own first and last name and other important words. —Use end punctuation, including periods, question marks, and exclamation points. —Capitalize letters to begin “important words.” —Spell simple words independently by using pre-phonetic knowledge, sounds of the alphabet, and knowledge of letter names.
Kindergarten writing starts off as letters and moves towards full simple 5 sentence paragraphs at the end of the year.
Most children should be able to spell their names or be well on their way by the time that they are 4-5 years old. Some children will do this a little sooner, and some will be able to spell their names a little later than other children.
Distar is a form of modified alphabet, based on the Initial Teaching Alphabet or ITA. With Distar, you get truly phonetic reading/writing/spelling — one letter equals one sound.
Hooked on Phonics provides a solution to teaching kids those basic reading building blocks. I’m glad I was able to use the app with my son to give him a much needed review, and I know it will be very helpful to other children starting their journey into reading books!